An examination of the relationship between movement problems and four common developmental disorders.
ABSTRACT It has been well recognized since the days of "minimal brain dysfunction" (Clements, 1966) that various developmental disorders have a shared aetiology. Poor motor coordination has been implicated as one of the factors in these relationships. This study examines the different patterns in symptomatology of five developmental disorders, namely developmental coordination disorder (DCD), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), reading disorder (RD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD) in order to build on the genetic work from Martin, Levy, Piek, and Hay (2006) and Martin, Piek, and Hay (2006) examining the overlap of these disorders. Latent class analysis was used on questionnaire data from 1304 families from the Australian twin ADHD project (ATAP) to examine the patterns of comorbidity of the five disorders. We confirmed and added detail to the shared symptoms between DCD, ADHD, RD, and ODD, but found no links between CD symptoms and any other disorders. Despite the close link previously identified with ODD and CD, this finding suggests a different aetiology for CD.
- SourceAvailable from: Bouwien Smits-EngelsmanNeuropediatrics 03/2011; 42(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1273999 · 1.10 Impact Factor
- Neuropediatrics 03/2011; 42(S 01). DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1273998 · 1.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to explore the incidence, type and severity of motor impairment in male adolescents with a disruptive behavior disorder (DBD) and evaluate the role of comorbid ADHD. The Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency, Second Edition was administered to examine a detailed motor profile and to compare the motor abilities of individuals with DBD (n=99) to those of controls (n=87). Additional subgroup analyses were conducted within the clinical population and encompassed (1) analyzing differences in motor profiles between individuals diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) or conduct disorder (CD) and (2) comparing the motor profiles of individuals with or without comorbid ADHD. The results indicated that individuals with a DBD showed a mixed motor impairment profile. Even after controlling for IQ, the DBD group obtained significantly lower scores in comparison to controls. The ODD and CD subgroups showed a similar motor profile. Presence of comorbid ADHD did not produce major differences in the motor profile. As approximately 79% of the adolescents with a DBD suffered from motor impairment, motor ability needs to be adequately addressed in research as well as in clinical practice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Research in Developmental Disabilities 10/2015; 40C. DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2015.01.004 · 3.40 Impact Factor