A Sensitive Cardiac Troponin T Assay in Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Division of Medicine, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 55.87). 11/2009; 361(26):2538-47. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa0805299
Source: PubMed


In most patients with stable coronary artery disease, plasma cardiac troponin T levels are below the limit of detection for the conventional assay. The distribution and determinants of very low circulating troponin T levels, as well as their association with cardiovascular events, in such patients are unknown.
We used a new, high-sensitivity assay to determine the concentration of cardiac troponin T in plasma samples from 3679 patients with stable coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular function. Results of the assay were analyzed in relation to the incidence of cardiovascular events during a median follow-up period of 5.2 years.
With the highly sensitive assay, concentrations of cardiac troponin T were at or above the limit of detection (0.001 microg per liter) in 3593 patients (97.7%) and at or above the 99th percentile for apparently healthy subjects (0.0133 microg per liter) in 407 patients (11.1%). After adjustment for other independent prognostic indicators, there was a strong and graded increase in the cumulative incidence of cardiovascular death (adjusted hazard ratio per unit increase in the natural logarithm of the troponin T level, 2.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60 to 2.74; P<0.001) and of heart failure (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.20; 95% CI, 1.66 to 2.90; P<0.001) in this study group. Increased risk associated with higher levels of troponin T was evident well below the limit of detection of conventional cardiac troponin T assays and below the 99th percentile of values in a healthy population. There was no association between troponin T levels as measured with the highly sensitive assay and the incidence of myocardial infarction (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% CI, 0.97 to 1.40; P=0.11).
After adjustment for other independent prognostic indicators, cardiac troponin T concentrations as measured with a highly sensitive assay were significantly associated with the incidence of cardiovascular death and heart failure but not with myocardial infarction in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

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    • "2. Additional studies assessing outcome-based cutoffs for the hs-cTn assays for both diagnosis and prognosis. Research in patients with stable coronary artery disease has suggested utility in risk stratification [10] [11] [12] [13]; however, data is needed in the acute care setting in various hospitalized patient groups at risk for myocardial injury [1, 14–18]. Specifically, outcome-based cutoffs (either alone or in combination with clinical variables) that accurately identify emergency department patients with symptoms of possible ACS who are at short-term risk of adverse cardiac events are essential for the appropriate identification of emergency department patients in need of admission for invasive coronary investigations. "

    Clinical Biochemistry 10/2014; 47(16-17). DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2014.10.002 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    • "In addition, it has been shown that more than half AF patients have detectable levels of TnI [36]. Importantly, troponin has been uniformly associated with worse outcomes and increased mortality in all these cohorts, independent of traditional major coronary risk factors [32], [33], [36]–[39]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Many blood biomarkers have a positive association with stroke outcome, but adding blood biomarkers to the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) did not significantly improve its discriminatory ability. We investigated the association of the CHA2DS2-VASc score with unfavourable functional outcome (defined as a 30-day modified Rankin Scale [mRS] ≥3) in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), and examined whether the addition of blood biomarkers (troponin I [TnI], fibrinogen, C-reactive protein [CRP]) affects the model discriminatory ability. Methods We conducted an observational single-centre study of consecutive patients with AIS. All patients were admitted to hospital within 24 hours from the neurological symptoms onset. Results Of 240 patients (mean age 70.0±8.9 years), unfavourable 30-day outcome occurred in 92 (38.3%). Patients with mRS≥3 were older and more likely to have atrial fibrillation or other comorbidities (all p<0.001). They had higher levels of CRP, fibrinogen, TnI and higher CHA2DS2-VASc and CHADS2 scores (all p<0.05). The adjusted CHA2DS2-VASc score had excellent predictive ability for poor stroke outcome (c-statistic 0.982;95%CI,0.964–1.000, p<0.001). Whilst CRP had the highest sensitivity (83.7%), cardiac TnI was the most specific (97.3%) for prediction of poor stroke outcome (cut-off: >0.09µg/L). Compared with each of these biomarkers, CHA2DS2-VASc score had significantly better predictive ability for poor stroke outcome (c-statistic for CRP, Fibrinogen and TnI was 0.853;95%CI,0.802–0.895, 0.848;95%CI,0.796–0.891, and 0.792;95%CI,0.736–0.842, all p<0.001, respectively, versus 0.932;95%CI,0.892–0.960, p<0.001 for the CHA2DS2-VASc, all p for the comparisons<0.01). There was no significant difference in the predictive ability of the CHA2DS2-VASc score vs. combinations of the CHA2DS2-VASc and TnI or TnI, fibrinogen and CRP (z statistic 0.369, p = 0.7119; integrated discrimination index 0.00801 and 0.00172, respectively, both p>0.05). Conclusions The CHA2DS2-VASc score alone reliably predicts 30-day unfavourable outcome of stroke. Adding blood biomarkers to the CHA2DS2-VASc score did not significantly increase the predictive ability of the model.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e106439. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0106439 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "The outcome of patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is heterogeneous, so it is crucial to find non-invasive evaluation tools in order to obtain an early recognition of the disease progression. A new generation of sensitive assays for cardiac troponins has been introduced recently, and is significantly associated with the incidences of cardiovascular death and HF.[4],[5] There are few data from studies assessing the use of such assays for the evaluation of prognosis of CA patients. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To investigate prognostic predictors of long-term survival of patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA), and to determine predictive value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) in CA patients. Methods We recruited 102 consecutive CA cases and followed these patients for 5 years. We described their clinical characteristics at presentation and used a new, high-sensitivity assay to determine the concentration of cTnT in plasma samples from these patients. Results The patients with poor prognosis showed older age (56 ± 12 years vs. 50 ± 15 years, P = 0.022), higher incidences of heart failure (36.92% vs. 16.22%, P = 0.041), pericardial effusion (60.00% vs. 35.14%, P = 0.023), greater thickness of interventricular septum (IVS) (15 ± 4 mm vs. 13 ± 4 mm, P = 0.034), higher level of hs-cTnT (0.186 ± 0.249 ng/mL vs. 0.044 ± 0.055 ng/mL, P = 0.001) and higher NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) levels (11,742 ± 10,464 pg/mL vs. 6,031 ± 7,458 pg/mL, P = 0.006). At multivariate Cox regression analysis, heart failure (HR: 1.78, 95%CI: 1.09–2.92, P = 0.021), greater wall thickness of IVS (HR: 1.44, 95%CI: 1.04–3.01, P = 0.0375) and higher hs-cTnT level (HR: 6.16, 95%CI: 2.20–17.24, P = 0.001) at enrollment emerged as independent predictors of all-cause mortality. Conclusions We showed that hs-cTnT is associated with a very ominous prognosis, and it is also the strongest predictor of all-cause mortality in multivariate analysis. Examination of hs-cTnT concentrations provides valuable prognostic information concerning long-term outcomes.
    Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 06/2014; 11(2):136-40. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.02.011 · 1.40 Impact Factor
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