Glycated albumin levels are higher relative to glycated haemoglobin levels in gastrectomized subjects.
ABSTRACT In gastrectomized subjects, oral glucose tolerance test often shows marked hyperglycaemia (oxyhyperglycaemia) after glucose loading. Because serum glycated albumin (GA) has been shown to better reflect postprandial and maximum plasma glucose levels, we investigated whether or not the clinical significance of serum GA and glycated haemoglobin (HbA(1C)) in non-diabetic gastrectomized subjects differs.
During health examinations, 62 non-diabetic subjects with a history of gastrectomy and 87 non-diabetic control subjects were selected in the present study. Body mass index (BMI) in the gastrectomy group was significantly lower than in the control group.
Fasting plasma glucose levels were significantly lower in the gastrectomized subjects than in the control subjects. Although both HbA(1C) and serum GA were significantly higher in the gastrectomized subjects, there was a significant difference in GA/HbA(1C) ratio between the gastrectomized subjects and the control subjects. BMI-adjusted serum GA, based on our previous finding of inverse influence of BMI on serum GA, was also significantly higher in the gastrectomized subjects than in the controls.
Serum GA is higher relative to HbA(1C) in gastrectomized subjects. This suggests that serum GA may be a better marker than HbA(1C) for glycaemic excursion in these subjects.
- SourceAvailable from: Byung-Wan Lee[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The conventional glycemic indices used in management of diabetic patients includes A1c, fructosamine, 1,5-anhydroglucitol, and glycated albumin (GA). Among these indices, A1c is currently used as the gold standard. However, A1c cannot reflect the glycemic change over a relatively short period of time, and its accuracy is known to decrease when abnormalities in hemoglobin metabolism, such as anemia, coexist. When considering these weaknesses, there have been needs for finding a novel glycemic index for diagnosing and managing diabetes, as well as for predicting diabetic complications properly. Recently, several studies have suggested the potential of GA as an intermediate-term glycation index in covering the short-term effect of treatment. Furthermore, its role as a pathogenic protein affecting the worsening of diabetes and occurrence of diabetic complications is receiving attention as well. Therefore, in this article, we wanted to review the recent status of GA as a glycemic index and as a pathogenic protein.Diabetes & metabolism journal 04/2012; 36(2):98-107.
- Acta Diabetologica 11/2011; · 4.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Chronic hyperglycemia results in a non-enzymatic glycation of proteins, and produces Amadori products, such as glycated albumin (GA), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and fructosamine. In current clinical practice, long-term glycemic control is assessed by quarterly measurements of HbA1c. Since the degree of hemoglobin glycosylation depends not only on the level of glycemic control, but also on the lifespan of red blood cells, patients with hemoglobin disorders or anemia of any cause may have erroneous HbA1c levels, and consequently receive insufficient treatment. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often suffer from various types of anemia, and consequently, they are frequently treated with iron and/or erythropoietin therapy or frequent blood transfusion. Thus, serum GA is a potentially useful glycemic index in diabetic patients with CKD, since it is not influenced by anemia and associated treatments. GA may also reflect the status of blood glucose more rapidly (2-3 weeks) than HbA1c (2-3 months), and is beneficial in those with wide variations in blood glucose or at higher risk for hypoglycemia. If clinical investigations support its utility, it may be applicable as a screening tool for all patients with diabetes during routine health examinations. Serum GA levels are also associated with AGE-related fluorescence and the number of glycation sites, and it may influence the structural and functional changes inalbumin. Since end-stage renal disease is an extreme microvascular complication of diabetic nephropathy, CKD patients with diabetes should be carefully managed to prevent disease progression. In this review, the clinical aspects of GA were discussed, including a comparison of GA with other glycated proteins, the utility and limitations of GA as a glycemic index, its influence on the therapeutic effects of hypoglycemic agents, its correlations with vascular complications, and its potential role in pathogenesis, specifically in diabetic patients with CKD.Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 05/2012; 413(19-20):1555-61. · 2.54 Impact Factor