Review of the Association Between Treatment for Substance Misuse and Reductions in Intimate Partner Violence

University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA.
Substance Use &amp Misuse (Impact Factor: 1.23). 01/2009; 44(9-10):1298-317. DOI: 10.1080/10826080902961385
Source: PubMed


A substantial body of research supports a strong cross-sectional and longitudinal association between substance misuse and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). This article briefly addresses the theoretical connection between substance use and intimate partner violence and research on the association between substance misuse and IPV. Studies examining the effect of individual and couples-based addiction treatments on IPV are reviewed. The implications of this work and future directions for research are discussed.


Available from: Jeff R Temple, Nov 07, 2014
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    • "Los resultados de las investigaciones realizados con muestras de los programas de intervención revelan que existe una alta prevalencia de agresores con problemas de abuso de alcohol y otras sustancias que presentan mayor riesgo de reincidencia que los agresores no consumidores (Stuart, O´Farrell y Temple, 2009). De acuerdo con estas conclusiones, la detección de los agresores con problemas de adicción y la oferta de tratamientos específicos de manera paralela o integrada deben ser una prioridad en los programas (Stuart, 2005). "
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    ABSTRACT: Programmes involving men convicted of intimate partner violence are subject to a wide range of discussions these days. There are numerous international debates regarding programmes aimed at men convicted of intimate partner violence. Some of the most controversial issues are: a) intervention approaches, b) the possibility of performing specific treatments according to the offender's characteristics, or c) the need to take account of external factors such as institutional coordination or the specifics of the therapeutical process (context, therapeutical alliance, motivation of the convict, and the therapist). The aim of this article is to review the main themes that are the focus of this international debate and weigh their impact on the research and the principal programmes that exist in Spain for men convicted of gender violence. The conclusions show that research in Spain is gradually incorporating the topics identified internationally such as the efficacy of programmes in different contexts, the existence of typologies, motivational aspects, analysis of dropouts, risk factors, cultural aspects, or offenders’ addictions problems. Nevertheless, it appears necessary to more closely align the programmes with the characteristics of the aggressor.
    08/2013; 22(2):145–152. DOI:10.5093/in2013a17
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    • "Several reviews confirmed the association between alcohol use and IPV (e.g., [14-16]). In addition, a number of studies demonstrated that IPV perpetration in alcohol dependent patients decreased substantially after successful treatment for substance abuse (for reviews, see: [17,18]). These results were found when substance abusers were treated individually [4,19] as well as when participants had received couples therapy [20-22]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Research has shown that treatments that solely addressed intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration were not very effective in reducing IPV, possibly due to neglecting individual differences between IPV perpetrators. A large proportion of IPV perpetrators is diagnosed with co-occurring substance use disorders and it has been demonstrated that successful treatment of alcohol dependence among alcohol dependent IPV perpetrators also led to less IPV. The current study investigated the relative effectiveness of Integrated treatment for Substance abuse and Partner violence (I-StoP) to cognitive behavioral treatment addressing substance use disorders including only one session addressing partner violence (CBT-SUD+) among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV. Substance use and IPV perpetration were primary outcome measures. Patients who entered substance abuse treatment were screened for IPV. Patients who disclosed at least 7 acts of physical IPV in the past year (N = 52) were randomly assigned to either I-StoP or CBT-SUD+. Patients in both conditions received 16 treatment sessions. Substance use and IPV perpetration were assessed at pretreatment, halfway treatment and posttreatment in blocks of 8 weeks. Both completers and intention-to-treat (ITT) analyses were performed. Patients (completers and ITT) in both conditions significantly improved regarding substance use and IPV perpetration at posttreatment compared with pretreatment. There were no differences in outcome between conditions. Completers in both conditions almost fully abstained from IPV in 8 weeks before the end of treatment. Both I-StoP and CBT-SUD+ were effective in reducing substance use and IPV perpetration among patients in substance abuse treatment who repeatedly committed IPV and self-disclosed IPV perpetration. Since it is more cost and time-effective to implement CBT-SUD+ than I-StoP, it is suggested to treat IPV perpetrators in substance abuse treatment with CBT-SUD+.
    BMC Psychiatry 07/2013; 13(1):189. DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-13-189 · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the prevention of intimate partner violence is a major public health priority for the United States, little is known about how to prevent this form of violence. The strong cross-sectional and longitudinal association between substance misuse and partner violence suggests that substance-misusing populations may be an ideal audience for implementing partner violence prevention programs. This approach is reviewed from the perspective of universal, selective, and indicated prevention programs.
    Substance Use &amp Misuse 01/2009; 44(9-10):1318-28. DOI:10.1080/10826080902961377 · 1.23 Impact Factor
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