Experimental use of an elastomeric surgical sealant for arterial hemostasis and its long-term tissue response.
ABSTRACT Reliable suture line hemostasis should improve the outcome of aortic surgery. We examined the hemostatic effect and the tissue response of a novel elastomeric surgical sealant.
Using porcine internal carotid arteries, we performed 16 end-to-end anastomoses with four stitches of simple interrupted sutures under full heparinization. The anastomoses were divided into two groups (eight anastomoses per group). Either novel sealant or fibrin glue was applied. The amount of bleeding was measured during the 30 s period after removing the vascular clamp. In a separate experiment, we applied the novel sealant around the abdominal aorta of rabbits (n=6) to assess the effect of the elastomeric property of the sealant on arterial wall histology. For comparison, we applied cyanoacrylate, which has no elastomeric property (n=6). A histological study was performed three months after the operation.
The novel sealant prevented arterial bleeding. The amount of bleeding from the anastomoses applied with novel sealant and fibrin glue was 0.12+/-0.03 g vs. 91.8+/-16.5 g, respectively (P<0.001). Thinning of the rabbit aortic wall was observed in the cyanoacrylate-treated abdominal aorta, whereas no thinning was observed in the novel sealant group. Histological examination revealed neither cell death nor necrosis in the novel sealant group.
The novel sealant effectively prevented arterial bleeding from the anastomosis under full heparinization. In addition, the elastomeric property of the sealant prevented thinning of the aortic wall. The novel sealant may be a promising hemostatic agent for arterial anastomosis.
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ABSTRACT: In the memory antisaccade task, subjects are instructed to look at an imaginary point precisely at the opposite side of a peripheral visual stimulus presented short time previously. To perform this task accurately, the visual vector, i.e., the distance between a central fixation point and the peripheral stimulus, must be inverted from one visual hemifield to the other. Recent data in humans and monkeys suggest that the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) might be critically involved in the process of visual vector inversion. In the present study, we investigated the temporal dynamics of visual vector inversion in the human PPC by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). In six healthy subjects, single pulse TMS was applied over the right PPC during a memory antisaccade task at four different time intervals: 100 ms, 217 ms, 333 ms, or 450 ms after target onset. The results indicate that for rightward antisaccades, i.e., when the visual target was presented in the left screen-half, TMS had a significant effect on saccade gain when applied 100 ms after target onset, but not later. For leftward antisaccades, i.e., when the visual target was presented in the right screen-half, a significant TMS effect on gain was found for the 333 ms and 450 ms conditions, but not for the earlier ones. This double dissociation of saccade gain suggests that the initial process of vector inversion can be disrupted 100 ms after onset of the visual stimulus and that TMS interfered with motor saccade planning based on an inversed vector signal at 333 ms and 450 ms after stimulus onset.Progress in brain research 02/2008; 171:429-32. · 4.19 Impact Factor