Experimental use of an elastomeric surgical sealant for arterial hemostasis and its long-term tissue response
ABSTRACT Reliable suture line hemostasis should improve the outcome of aortic surgery. We examined the hemostatic effect and the tissue response of a novel elastomeric surgical sealant.
Using porcine internal carotid arteries, we performed 16 end-to-end anastomoses with four stitches of simple interrupted sutures under full heparinization. The anastomoses were divided into two groups (eight anastomoses per group). Either novel sealant or fibrin glue was applied. The amount of bleeding was measured during the 30 s period after removing the vascular clamp. In a separate experiment, we applied the novel sealant around the abdominal aorta of rabbits (n=6) to assess the effect of the elastomeric property of the sealant on arterial wall histology. For comparison, we applied cyanoacrylate, which has no elastomeric property (n=6). A histological study was performed three months after the operation.
The novel sealant prevented arterial bleeding. The amount of bleeding from the anastomoses applied with novel sealant and fibrin glue was 0.12+/-0.03 g vs. 91.8+/-16.5 g, respectively (P<0.001). Thinning of the rabbit aortic wall was observed in the cyanoacrylate-treated abdominal aorta, whereas no thinning was observed in the novel sealant group. Histological examination revealed neither cell death nor necrosis in the novel sealant group.
The novel sealant effectively prevented arterial bleeding from the anastomosis under full heparinization. In addition, the elastomeric property of the sealant prevented thinning of the aortic wall. The novel sealant may be a promising hemostatic agent for arterial anastomosis.
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ABSTRACT: In the memory antisaccade task, subjects are instructed to look at an imaginary point precisely at the opposite side of a peripheral visual stimulus presented short time previously. To perform this task accurately, the visual vector, i.e., the distance between a central fixation point and the peripheral stimulus, must be inverted from one visual hemifield to the other. Recent data in humans and monkeys suggest that the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) might be critically involved in the process of visual vector inversion. In the present study, we investigated the temporal dynamics of visual vector inversion in the human PPC by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). In six healthy subjects, single pulse TMS was applied over the right PPC during a memory antisaccade task at four different time intervals: 100 ms, 217 ms, 333 ms, or 450 ms after target onset. The results indicate that for rightward antisaccades, i.e., when the visual target was presented in the left screen-half, TMS had a significant effect on saccade gain when applied 100 ms after target onset, but not later. For leftward antisaccades, i.e., when the visual target was presented in the right screen-half, a significant TMS effect on gain was found for the 333 ms and 450 ms conditions, but not for the earlier ones. This double dissociation of saccade gain suggests that the initial process of vector inversion can be disrupted 100 ms after onset of the visual stimulus and that TMS interfered with motor saccade planning based on an inversed vector signal at 333 ms and 450 ms after stimulus onset.Progress in brain research 02/2008; 171:429-32. DOI:10.1016/S0079-6123(08)00663-8 · 5.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The repair of alveolar bone defects caused by trauma, periodontal diseases and inflammation is still a challenge for both researchers and clinicians. Although there are many attempts to regenerate bone based on different seed cells and scaffolds, the results are still unsatisfactory. This study aims to clarify whether it could be efficient to reconstruct the alveolar bone by the combination of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) without pre-osteoinduction in vitro with fibrin glue (FG). The BMSCs were obtained from 2-week-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and expanded in vitro with non-introduction. Afterwards, they were composited with FG for in vivo implantation. The animal models of traumatic alveolar bone defects were established bilaterally in the maxilla of 15 rats which were randomly divided into 3 groups. The BMSCs/FG composition was transplanted into 5 rats of the treated group. Another 5 rats in the negative control group were transplanted by pure FG without BMSCs. The rest 5 rats served as the blank control. Gross observation and histological analysis were made to evaluate the new bone formation 6 weeks after transplantation. Micro-CT was also used to estimate the bone healing through three-dimensional reconstruction and the bone density analysis. The amount of new bone formed in the treated group was significantly greater than the negative and blank control. Our results suggest that the strategy of combing BMSCs with FG is effective in the repair of alveolar bone defects. Its clinical application is promising.Archives of oral biology 09/2011; 57(3):238-44. DOI:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2011.08.025 · 1.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective: The objective of this study is to explore the feasibility and efficacy of a new technique for sutureless vascular anastomosis, using glued prosthesis, as a sole anastomosis fixation method in rabbits. Methods: Ten rabbits were randomly selected to conduct the experiment. Five rabbits underwent direct anastomosis of infrarenal abdominal aorta, with glued prosthesis. In five other rabbits, reconstruction was done by sutured anastomosis. All animals were immediately examined by echo-Doppler for patency of anastomosis. The burst pressure of the glued anastomosis was measured and compared with that of a sutured artery. The animals were euthanized, and tissue samples were taken for histological examination immediately after the experiment. Results: Compared to conventional anastomoses, sutureless vascular anastomoses required shorter time of creation and significantly reduced blood loss (P,5%). There was no significant difference on the average blood flow through the anastomosis between two groups at the end of surgery. All anastomoses with glued prosthesis, examined by echo-Doppler, were patent at the anastomotic site, except one, which was stenosed immediately after surgery. In the control group, except one with stenosis, all conventional anastomoses were patent. Mean burst pressure at the anastomotic site for sutureless anastomoses was lower than in control group. Macroscopically, the BioGlue did not demonstrate any adhesion to the surrounding tissue as it was covered by the vascular prosthesis. Histological examination showed low-grade inflammatory reaction in glued anastomoses versus no inflammatory reaction at the sutured anastomoses. Conclusion: This technique may provide a feasible and successful alternative in vascular surgery. However, further long-term studies are necessary to elucidate the break pressure and degree of inflammation at the anastomotic site.