Article

Protein energy malnutrition.

Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Children's Hospital, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4029, Australia.
Pediatric Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.78). 10/2009; 56(5):1055-68. DOI: 10.1016/j.pcl.2009.07.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common problem worldwide and occurs in both developing and industrialized nations. In the developing world, it is frequently a result of socioeconomic, political, or environmental factors. In contrast, protein energy malnutrition in the developed world usually occurs in the context of chronic disease. There remains much variation in the criteria used to define malnutrition, with each method having its own limitations. Early recognition, prompt management, and robust follow up are critical for best outcomes in preventing and treating PEM.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
426 Views
  • Source
    One Health Newsletter. 04/2014; 7(2):4-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Undernutrition and obesity are at opposite ends of a spectrum that has an enormous impact on all aspects of liver diseases. The myriad effects of the opposing ends of the nutrition spectrum have led to a wealth of research aimed at elucidating the exact mechanisms of how they cause liver damage. In this article, the role of the liver in nutrient and energy metabolism is discussed, as well as the known and possible effects of specific nutrient deficiencies and obesity.
    Clinics in liver disease 02/2014; 18(1):205-18.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To assess physical activity at admission and during recovery from severe acute malnutrition. Ethiopian children who were admitted with severe acute malnutrition received a clinical examination each week to monitor their recovery during rehabilitation. Using accelerometry (24 h/d for 5 consecutive days) at admission and again after 10 days of rehabilitation, we assessed the level and changes of physical activity. Among 13 children included, the mean (SD) age was 31.1 months (15.5). At baseline, the day-night activity difference was relatively small, whereas the level of activity had substantially increased at follow-up. The diurnal mean acceleration level was significantly greater at follow-up for wrist (1158.8 vs 541.4 counts per minute, P = .003) but not hip movements (204.1 vs 141.5, P = .261). During daytime (6 a.m. to 10 p.m.), hip activity increased by 38% from baseline to follow-up (e(B) 1.38, 95% CI 1.17-1.62), and wrist activity more than doubled (e(B) 2.50, 95% CI 2.17-2.87). The level of physical activity among children with severe acute malnutrition is very low but increases rapidly during recovery. Accelerometry may be a useful approach in the recovery phase as an indicator of early improvement.
    The Journal of pediatrics 03/2014; · 4.02 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
133 Downloads
Available from
May 30, 2014