Article

Protein energy malnutrition.

Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Children's Hospital, Herston Road, Brisbane, Queensland 4029, Australia.
Pediatric Clinics of North America (Impact Factor: 1.78). 10/2009; 56(5):1055-68. DOI:10.1016/j.pcl.2009.07.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common problem worldwide and occurs in both developing and industrialized nations. In the developing world, it is frequently a result of socioeconomic, political, or environmental factors. In contrast, protein energy malnutrition in the developed world usually occurs in the context of chronic disease. There remains much variation in the criteria used to define malnutrition, with each method having its own limitations. Early recognition, prompt management, and robust follow up are critical for best outcomes in preventing and treating PEM.

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