Comparative cell-mediated immunogenicity of DNA/DNA, DNA/adenovirus type 5 (Ad5), or Ad5/Ad5 HIV-1 clade B gag vaccine prime-boost regimens.

Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Internal Medicine, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, CA 95618, USA.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 5.78). 11/2009; 201(1):132-41. DOI: 10.1086/648591
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report composite results from the Merck phase I program of near-consensus clade B human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 gag vaccines.
Healthy HIV-uninfected adults were enrolled in 6 blinded placebo-controlled studies evaluating the immunogenicity of (1) a 4-dose regimen of a DNA vaccine, (2) a 3-dose priming regimen of the DNA vaccine with a booster dose of an adenovirus type 5 (Ad5)-vectored vaccine, or (3) a 3-dose regimen of the Ad5 vaccine. The DNA plasmid was provided with or without an aluminum phosphate or CRL1005 adjuvant. The primary end point was the unfractionated HIV-1 gag-specific interferon gamma enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISpot) response 4 weeks after the final dose.
Overall, 254 (83%) of 307 subjects randomized to the vaccine groups were evaluable. Adjuvants did not enhance immunogenicity of the DNA vaccine. Postboost ELISpot responder frequencies were higher for Ad5-containing regimens than for the DNA/DNA regimen (33%) but were similar for DNA/Ad5 (55%) and Ad5/Ad5 (50%). DNA/DNA elicited mainly a CD4 response, whereas Ad5/Ad5 elicited mainly a CD8 response; DNA/Ad5 generated CD4 and CD8 responses comparable to those of DNA/DNA and Ad5/Ad5, respectively.
The DNA vaccine alone or as a priming regimen for the Ad5 vaccine did not increase unfractionated ELISpot responses compared with the Ad5 vaccine alone. Qualitative T cell responses to different vaccine regimens deserve further study.

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