[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study examines the co-operation between psychiatry and the army in Germany between 1870 and 1914, leading to the establishment of military psychiatry as an independent discipline. Arguing that military psychiatry played a key role in the history of modern clinical psychiatry, the paper points out how the first generation of military psychiatrists developed innovative diagnostic technologies, such as the intelligence test, and established crucial institutional alliances between psychiatric clinics, military authorities, and local and national administrations. The early history of military psychiatry marks the transition of psychiatry from a medical sub-discipline to a more generally applicable "social technology" assessing the borderline between normality and abnormality in multiple social contexts.
History of Psychiatry 04/2003; 14(53 Pt 1):41-62. DOI:10.1177/0957154X03014001003 · 0.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The article analyzes the relations between public health and empire in Spain under the reign of Isabel II (1833-68). After presenting certain conceptual notions, the case of the Army health administration is proposed as a specific example of these relations. On a journey through the Empire's different settings (the Iberian peninsula, Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippines), the text explains the singular architecture of Spain's 19th century Empire and the role played by different groups, often marginalized from historical accounts.
História Ciências Saúde-Manguinhos 04/2006; 13(2):439-475.
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