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Los derechos fundamentales como mandatos de optimización

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT En este trabajo se pretende examinar el significado y algunas de las implicaciones que se siguen de entender los derechos fundamentales como mandatos de optimización en el sentido propuesto por Alexy. Para ello se examina, en primer lugar, la caracterización de los principios como mandatos de optimización desarrollada por este autor para, a continuación, analizar algunas de las objeciones formuladas contra este planteamiento. Finalmente se presentan las razones que permiten sostener que el concepto de mandato de optimización en la teoría de Alexy cobra sentido si se entiende como una convención interpretativa aplicable en los llamados “casos difíciles”, más que como una propiedad derivada ya sea de la estructura abierta de las normas o del carácter gradual de su aplicación. In this paper the aim is to examine the meaning and some of the implications which result from understanding fundamental rights as optimization commands in the sense put forward by Alexy. In order to do so, we first examine the characterization of principles as optimization commands developed by this author to then go on to analyse some of the objections raised against this approach. Finally, we present the reasons which allow one to hold that the concept of optimization command in Alexy's theory makes sense if it is understood as an interpretative convention, applicable in "hard cases", more than as a characteristic, derived either from the open structure of the norms or from the gradual nature of its application.

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    ABSTRACT: The author offers a sketch of his thesis that legal principles are optimization commands. He presents this thesis as an effort to capture the structure of weighing or balancing and to provide a basis for the principle of proportionality as it is applied in constitutional law. With this much in place, he then takes up some of the problems that have come to be associated with the optimization thesis. First, he examines the objection that there are no such things as principles, but only different modes of the application of norms. Second, he discusses problems concerning the concept of an optimization command and the character of the 'ought' contained in principles. He concludes that the distinction between commands to optimize and commands to be optimized is the best method for capturing the nature of principles.
    Ratio Juris 03/2001;
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    ABSTRACT: SUMARIO: 1. ¿Se pueden limitar los derechos fundamentales?-2. Las condiciones de la limitación: a) La cláusula del contenido esencial; b) La exigencia de justificación.-3. El margen de indeterminación de los derechos.-4. La norma de clausura. Publicado

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