Consumo de drogas y su percepción por parte de inmigrantes latinoamericanos 01/2008;
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En: Psicothema Oviedo 2008, v. 20, n. 3 ; p. 403-407 El objetivo del presente estudio es obtener información sobre el consumo de drogas en relación con hábitos de ocio y conocimientos sobre recursos comunitarios para la prevención de las drogodependencias en población de inmigrantes hispanohablantes. La investigación se realizó en dos etapas, utilizándose metodología cuantitativa. Durante la primera fase (2003) se pasó una encuesta sobre percepción social de drogas a 147 individuos. Durante la segunda fase (2004) se realizaron 610 encuestas. Los datos se analizaron mediante un análisis bivariado. El 40,1% de la muestra consume alcohol de forma habitual, el 31,3 por ciento consume tabaco y el 3,4 por ciento cannabis. La principal razón para consumir de los consumidores habituales es 'para divertirse' (p0.3), observándose una relación entre hábitos de ocio y consumo de drogas. La familia tiene un papel fundamental en la prevención y existe la necesidad de adaptar los programas de prevención y atención al drogodependiente a esta población, p. 406-407

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    • "These results, obtained among European students, are similar to perceptions of risk found among Latin American immigrants in Spain. Studies among Latin American populations in Spain found that both drug users and non-drug users perceived drug use as potentially dangerous; however, drug users tended not to see occasional drug use as harmful (Tortajada et al., 2005). A study carried out among secondary school students in Argentina (Ahumada & Cadenas, 2008) revealed lower risk of drug use among individuals that attributed at least moderate risk to drug use as compared to those adolescents who responded that they did not know the risk or perceived drug use as low risk. "
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    ABSTRACT: This paper describes 2006 data on risk perception among high school adolescents in six South American countries. Multiple factors influence teens' risk perception on drug use. More non-users perceive risk from drug use, disapprove of such use, and have a lesser sense of drug availability than users. Fewer alcohol or tobacco users disapprove of use, but more perceive a higher risk on illicit drug use. Meanwhile, fewer illicit drugs users disapprove of smoking or drinking, but many of them still show a high risk perception of illicit drug use. A larger proportion disapproves of regular or continuous illicit drugs use. Further analyses are to be carried to better understand the relationship between risk perception and drug use in South America.
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    ABSTRACT: To estimate the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug consumption (through the self-report) in adult Latin-American immigrants of Seville, a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in a representative sample of 190 immigrants. The results showed that 61.4% of the participants had consumed alcohol in previous month before data collection, although 13.2% of them were at risk of alcoholism. Moreover, 30.0% were smokers. In addition, 5.3% of the interviewed people had consumed illicit psychoactive substances in the previous six months (Marihuana: 3.7%, hashish: 1.1% and cocaine: 0.5%). For all substances under analysis, the consumption prevalence was much higher in men from 25 to 39 years of age. In conclusion, prevalence levels of this consumption were high among the studied immigrants. Nurses could train the population in the prevention of these risk behaviors through preventive practices.
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