El enfoque cognitivo-evolutivo de la acción moral: problemas teóricos

Recerca: revista de pensament i anàlisi; Vol.: 15 Núm.: 1-2 01/1990; 15(1).
Source: OAI
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Available from: Jordi Adell, Oct 06, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Assigned college Ss and Peace Corps volunteers to a typology of moral reasoning according to their responses to the Kohlberg Moral Judgment Scale. Differences among 5 moral types in family-social background, self- and ideal descriptions, and descriptions of mother and father were analyzed. Ss of principled moral reasoning, as contrasted with the conventionally moral, were more active in political-social matters, particularly in protest; their views on current issues were more discrepant from their parents who themselves were politically liberal; their self- and ideal conceptualizations emphasized interpersonal reactivity and obligation, self-expressiveness, and a willingness to live in opposition. Perceptions of parental relationships suggest that little conflict or separation occurred in the families of the conventionally moral with more in those of the principled. (17 ref.)
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    ABSTRACT: This experiment was designed to test the relative efficacy of social reinforcement and modeling procedures in modifying moral judgmental responses considered by Piaget to be age-specific. 1 group of children observed adult models who expressed moral judgments counter to the group's orientation, and the children were reinforced with approval for adopting the model's evaluative responses. A 2nd group observed the models but received no reinforcement for matching their behavior. A 3rd group of children had no exposure to models but were reinforced for moral judgments that ran counter to their dominant evaluative tendencies. Following the treatments, the children were tested for generalization effects. The experimental treatments produced substantial changes in the children's moral judgment responses. Conditions utilizing modeling cues proved to be more effective than the operant conditioning procedure.
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