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La territorialidad en el norte de Mesoamérica: el señorío de Oxitipa en el siglo XVI

Tiempos de América: revista de historia, cultura y territorio; Núm.: 10 01/2003;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Con base en información de archivo, etnohistórica, cartográfica y de campo, este artículo reconstruye la organización territorial de Oxitipa, uno de los señoríos más septentrionales de Mesoamérica, durante el siglo XVI. Para lograr este objetivo, el artículo se divide en cuatro partes. Primero, analiza brevemente los abordajes previos, tanto teórico-metodológicos como temáticos; segundo, describe de manera sucinta la metodología y las fuentes utilizadas; tercero, bosqueja el señorío de Oxitipa en el siglo XVI y reconstruye su organización territorial; finalmente, el artículo expone algunas conclusiones preliminares. Ante todo, el artículo sostiene que la sobrevivencia de la organización territorial prehispánica coadyuvó a la continuidad del orden político y agrario de los pueblos indígenas conquistados por los españoles. Además, señala que el arreglo territorial de Oxitipa en el siglo XVI fue una síntesis tanto de elementos sobrevivientes de la estructura espacial prehispánica —los altepeme como pivotes de la vida rural mesoamericana— como de aquéllos introducidos por los españoles— como las repúblicas de indios.

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