Métodos de lectura y acceso al léxico

Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Demuestra la influencia de los métodos de lectura en las estrategias de acceso al léxico en alumnos del primer ciclo de primaria que aprenden a leer con diferente método (fonético vs. global-natural) en una ortografía transparente. Se llevan a cabo cuatro estudios experimentales: El primero, un estudio normativo, tiene la finalidad de obtener una muestra de estímulos (palabras) que se va a utilizar en el resto de tareas experimentales, así como calcular la familiaridad subjetiva de las palabras que se van a emplear. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 207 sujetos, perteneciendo 95 al método global-natural y 112 al método fonético. A esta muestra se le administraron tres tareas experimentales: tarea de decisión léxica, nombrar (naming) y análisis de errores en la lectura oral. En las tres tareas se utilizaron estímulos palabras y pseudopalabras y se empleó un diseño factorial de medidas repetidas, utilizando como vbs intersujetos: nivel escolar y método de lectura y como vbs intrasujetos la longitud, familiaridad subjetiva (palabras) y la FSP.

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