Article

Sinterización de vidrios del sistema RO-BaO-SiO2 (R= Mg, Zn) para el sellado de SOFC

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ABSTRACT [ES] Los vidrios de composición molar 50SiO2•30BaO•20ZnO (Zn1.5-50), 55SiO2•27BaO•18ZnO (Zn1.5-55), y 55SiO2•27BaO•18MgO (Mg1.5-55) presentan buenas propiedades para su aplicación en el sellado de pilas de combustible de óxido sólido de configuración plana y temperatura de operación intermedia (850ºC) (IT-SOFC). El sellado debe producirse a través de la sinterización del polvo de vidrio, durante el arranque de la pila, a temperaturas entre 700 y 850ºC. El tratamiento posterior a la temperatura de operación da lugar a la cristalización de silicatos de bario con el consiguiente aumento de viscosidad y rigidez del sello. Este trabajo es un estudio del comportamiento de sinterización de estos vidrios utilizando diferentes velocidades de calentamiento y distribuciones de tamaño de partícula del polvo de vidrio, para la obtención final de sellos densos y homogéneos. Los vidrios Zn1.5-55 y Mg1.5-55 con un tamaño de partícula <63 μm y tratados a 2ºC/min alcanzan densidades finales superiores al 95%. Por otra parte, se ha demostrado el buen acuerdo entre las cinéticas de densificación obtenidas experimentalmente y las predichas por el modelo de sinterización de formación de Clusters en ausencia de cristalización concurrente. [EN] Glasses of composition 50SiO2•30BaO•20ZnO, mol% (Zn1.5-50), 55SiO2•27BaO•18ZnO, mol% (Zn1.5-55), and 55SiO2•27BaO•18MgO, mol% (Mg1.5-55) present good properties for application in sealing planar solid oxide fuel cells with an intermediate temperature of operation (850ºC) (IT-SOFC). The sealing must take place on sintering the glass powder during the start-up of the cell between 700 and 850ºC. Further treatment at the operation temperature provokes the crystallisation of barium silicates with the subsequent increase of viscosity and seal rigidity. This work is a study of the sintering behaviour of these glasses using different heating rates and particle-size distributions of the glass powder in order to obtain dense and homogeneous seals. The glasses Zn1.5-55 and Mg1.5-55 with a particle size <63 μm heated at 2ºC/min reach final densities higher than 95%. A good agreement has been demonstrated between the measured sintering kinetics and those predicted with the sintering model of Clusters formation in the absence of concurrent crystallisation. Este trabajo ha sido financiado por el proyecto CICYT MAT2006-04375 y el programa Ramón y Cajal del Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC). Peer reviewed

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