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Servicios ambientales hidrológicos bajo escenarios de cambio climático en el Parque Nacional "El Chico", Hidalgo, México

Madera Bosques (Impact Factor: 0.07). 12/2008;
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT Los servicios ambientales que proveen los ecosistemas están en función, entre otros aspectos, de las condiciones climáticas predominantes en un determinado lugar, así como de la estructura y composición de los tipos de vegetación. Por lo anterior, el principal objetivo del presente estudio fue simular y cuantificar los impactos que un posible cambio climático puede ejercer sobre la regulación hídrica y la capacidad
de recarga de acuíferos en el Parque Nacional “El Chico”, Hidalgo. Se realizó la modelación de la distribución geográfica de las variables temperatura y precipitación tomando como periodo base 1961-1990 y se aplicaron las razones de cambio obtenidas de los modelos de cambio climático norteamericano e inglés para el escenario A2 y los años 2020 y 2050. El comportamiento hídrico y la capacidad de infiltración en los diferentes escenarios se evaluaron a partir del balance de humedad obtenido con la
metodología de Thornthwaite III modificado.

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