A comparison of the I-gel supraglottic airway as a conduit for tracheal intubation with the intubating laryngeal mask airway: a manikin study.
ABSTRACT Insertion of a supraglottic airway and tracheal intubation through it may be indicated in resuscitation scenarios where conventional laryngoscopy fails. Various supraglottic devices have been used as conduits for tracheal intubation, including the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA), the Ctrach laryngeal mask and the I-gel supraglottic airway.
A prospective study with 25 participants evaluated the success rate of blind intubation (using a gum-elastic bougie, an Aintree intubating catheter (AIC) and designated tracheal tube) and fibrescope-guided tracheal intubation (through the intubating laryngeal mask airway and the I-gel supraglottic airway) on three different airway manikins.
Twenty-five anaesthetists performed three intubations with each method on each of three manikins. The success rate of the fibrescope-guided technique was significantly higher than blind attempts (P<0.0001) with both devices. For fibreoptic techniques, there was no difference found between the ILMA and I-gel (P>0.05). All blind techniques were significantly more successful in the ILMA group compared to the I-gel (P<0.0001 for bougie, Aintree catheter and tracheal tube, respectively).
The results of this study show that, in manikins, fibreoptic intubation through both ILMA and I-gel is a highly successful technique. Blind intubation through the I-gel showed a low success rate and should not be attempted.
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ABSTRACT: Many features can influence the choice of a supraglottic airway device (SAD), including ease of insertion, adequate ventilation pressures and lack of adverse effects. The goal of this randomized prospective trial was to compare the performance of the i-gel™ with that of the LMA-Supreme™.08/2014;
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the Aintree Intubation Catheter (AIC) with three types of supraglottic airway devices for tracheal intubation (ISGAs) using a manikin. Participants were 21 anesthesiologists with more than 2 years of experience in clinical anesthesia. Three types of ISGAs were passed through the glottis: Fastrack-Single Use (FSU; size 4), air-Q (size 3.5), and i-gel (size 4). Participants attempted fiberoptic tracheal intubation with the ISGAs in random order. Success rate of tracheal intubation, intubation time, and collision with the glottis were recorded. Participants also evaluated the subjective difficulty of the entire intubation process and passing the tracheal tube through the glottis using a Visual Analogue Scale. The FSU required a significantly longer time for intubation compared with the other two ISGAs (p < 0.05). AIC use did not significantly improve the success rate of intubation or shorten intubation times for any of the ISGAs. However, there were significantly more collisions with the glottis without AIC use for the FSU and air-Q compared to when they were used with the AIC (FSU, p = 0.015; air-Q, p = 0.025). Among the ISGAs tested, intubation took longer with the FSU, and the FSU had a higher failure rate than the other ISGAs. AIC significantly decreased the number of collisions with the FSU and air-Q. These findings suggest that the AIC is effective in reducing collisions with the tracheal tube and thus will reduce the risk of mechanical injury to the airway.Journal of Anesthesia 10/2013; · 0.87 Impact Factor
- Anaesthesia 11/2010; 65(11):1151. · 3.49 Impact Factor