Comparative Study of Low-dose Pioglitazone or Metformin Treatment in Japanese Diabetic Patients with Metabolic Syndrome
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine whether a relatively low dose of pioglitazone or metformin was effective in diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome. Fifty diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome were randomly assigned to a low-dose pioglitazone (15 mg/day) treatment group or a low-dose metformin (500 mg/day) treatment group. Drugs were administered for 12 weeks. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index, triglyceride (TG), HDL and LDL-cholesterol, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting plasma insulin (IRI), postprandial glucose, and HOMA-IR in the 75gOGTT, HbA1c, high-sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) determined by cervical artery echography, and pulse wave velocity (PWV) were measured before/after 12-week drug administration. Significant decreases in HbA1c and HOMA-IR were noted in the pioglitazone group, along with significant decreases in TG, AST, ALT, blood pressure, hs-CRP and PWV. Significant decreases in HbA1c, HOMA-IR, BMI and waist circumference were noted in the metformin group. The pioglitazone group significantly improved the values for ALT, systolic blood pressure, hs-CRP and PWV compared to the metformin group. However, the metformin group demonstrated significant improvement in BMI compared with the pioglitazone group. Using a low dose regimen, pioglitazone significantly improved blood pressure and hepatic function and may be more effective than metformin to reduce risk factors in Japanese diabetic patients with metabolic syndrome at preventing atherosclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes is known to be associated with elevated cardiovascular mortality. Pioglitazone improves blood pressure (BP) and pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is an arterial stiffness parameter. Arterial stiffness is closely associated with cardiovascular disease. However, PWV is correlated with BP. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) reflects arterial stiffness independent of BP. Pioglitazone improves PWV but reduces blood pressure. The aim of this study was to re-evaluate the effect of pioglitazone on arterial stiffness with CAVI.Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy 07/2014; 7:313-9. DOI:10.2147/DMSO.S65275
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ABSTRACT: Metabolic syndrome (MS) presents with central obesity, impaired glucose metabolism, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Our aim was to examine the effect of metformin treatment either alone or in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) on plasma levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in patients with early stage MS (MS-es) and generalized MS (MS-ge). The study compared 35 female patients with MS-es (mean age of 43.39±1.54 years) and 40 patients with MS-ge (mean age of 45.69±2.18 years) to 10 age-matched controls each. Patients with MS-es were administered 850 mg metformin twice daily. The patients with MS-ge were divided into two groups of 20 patients per group. One group received metformin alone, while the other group received metformin in combination with 500 mg aspirin and 150 mg Diclac daily. Plasma NGF and BDNF levels were measured by ELISA. Statistical data analysis was performed using ANOVA. Plasma NGF and BDNF levels were significantly higher in MS-es patients and lower in MS-ge patients than in controls. NGF levels were decreased in both groups after treatment with metformin. NGF levels were significantly higher in MS-ge patients on combined therapy than in those on metformin only. The combination of metformin and NSAID treatment is more effective than metformin alone on NGF and BDNF production as well as on metabolism-related anthropometric and laboratory features. This represents a pathogenetic therapeutic mechanism in MS due to its strong anti-inflammatory effect and improves MS-ge symptoms.12/2011; 42(3):141-145. DOI:10.5152/eajm.2011.32
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Objectives: To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of pioglitazone on psoriasis vulgaris and its comorbidities Material and Methods: Forty eight patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis vulgaris were enrolled in this randomized double blinded placebo-controlled trial. Active treatment included: oral pioglitazone 30 mg daily for 10 weeks. Primary outcome (treatment success) was: PASI-75. Secondary outcomes included changes in metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk. Results: Treatment success was achieved in 5/24 (21%) in the pioglitazone group compared to 1/24 (4%) in the placebogroup, however this difference was not significant (p=0.081). Compared to placebo, no significant difference existed as regards hs-CRP. Metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance were not affected. Conclusions: This short term (10 weeks duration) study revealed no effect of pioglitazone 30 mg daily neither on the clinical response of moderate-to-severe psoriasis nor on metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance. Cardio-protective role appears to be more related to improvement of psoriasis. Limitation: short duration of treatment and small number of subgroups.Journal of Dermatological Treatment 06/2014; DOI:10.3109/09546634.2014.932324 · 1.76 Impact Factor