Ectopic ureter associated with uterine didelphys and obstructed hemivagina: preoperative diagnosis by MRI.

Department of Radiology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, USA.
Pediatric Radiology (Impact Factor: 1.65). 11/2009; 40(3):358-60. DOI: 10.1007/s00247-009-1454-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Uterine didelphys with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomalies is a rare congenital malformation of the female urogenital tract. While the urinary anomalies almost always involve renal agenesis, we report a rare case of a 17-year-old girl with the malformation associated with ectopic ureteral insertion into the obstructed hemivagina, which was diagnosed preoperatively by MR imaging. To the best of our knowledge, preoperative MR imaging diagnosis of the ectopic ureter associated with this syndrome has not been previously reported. Accurate preoperative diagnosis of ectopic ureteral insertion associated with this syndrome is important for surgical planning.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The European Society of Paediatric Radiology Uroradiology Task Force and the ESUR Paediatric Work Group jointly publish guidelines for paediatric urogenital imaging. Two yet unaddressed topics involving patient safety and imaging load are addressed in this paper: renal biopsy in childhood and imaging of the neonatal genital tract, particularly in girls. Based on our thorough review of literature and variable practice in multiple centers, procedural recommendations are proposed on how to perform renal biopsy in children and how to approach the genital tract in (female) neonates. These are statements by consensus due to lack of sufficient evidence-based data. The procedural recommendation on renal biopsy in childhood aims at improving patient safety and reducing the number of unsuccessful passes and/or biopsy-related complications. The recommendation for an imaging algorithm in the assessment of the neonatal genital tract focuses on the potential of ultrasonography to reduce the need for more invasive or radiating imaging, however, with additional fluoroscopy or MRI to be used in selected cases. Adherence to these recommendations will allow comparable data and evidence to be generated for future adaptation of imaging strategies in paediatric uroradiology.
    Pediatric Radiology 02/2014; · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utility of transabdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of American Society for Reproductive Medicine (†)(ASRM)-classified müllerian anomalies compared to surgical findings in the pediatric and adolescent population. Retrospective chart review. Tertiary academic center. Thirty-eight patients with müllerian anomalies seen in our pediatric and adolescent gynecology clinic were identified both on the basis of ICD-9 codes and having magnetic resonance imaging at Texas Children's Hospital between 2004 and 2009. None. Correlation among transabdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings with surgical findings. Mean age was 12.2 (± 4.1) years. Twenty-eight patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging and required surgical intervention, and 88.5% demonstrated correlative consistency with surgical findings. Twenty-two patients underwent ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, and surgery, which revealed consistency among ultrasound and surgical findings (59.1%) and consistency among magnetic resonance imaging and surgical findings (90.9%). In ASRM diagnoses evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging, surgical findings correlated in 92% (Pearson 0.89). Overall, 55.2% of patients had a renal malformation. Magnetic resonance imaging is the gold standard imaging modality for müllerian anomalies and is an effective technique for noninvasive evaluation and accurate classification of the type of anomaly in the pediatric and adolescent population. Magnetic resonance imaging should be considered as an adjunct to transabdominal ultrasound to evaluate müllerian anomalies.
    Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology 02/2012; 25(3):181-4. · 0.90 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OHVIRA syndrome is a rare diagnosis involving the triad of obstructed hemivagina, uterine anomaly, and ipsilateral renal anomaly. OHVIRA syndrome can be associated with other anomalies due to abnormal embryologic development of the urogenital system. A 14-year-old female with known left renal agenesis, long-standing urinary incontinence, and history of recurrent urinary tract infections presented with abdominal distention. A 4-year-old female with known right renal agenesis and urinary incontinence was found to have a single common channel at the introitus that communicated with the bladder and a hemivagina on the left. It is important to identify the presence of a urogenital sinus in the OHVIRA setting, as surgical management for these patients may be affected. In both cases, the urogenital sinus was preserved as the vaginal opening.
    Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology 09/2013; · 0.90 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jun 3, 2014