Article

Genotype-Phenotype Correlation in Four 15q24 Deleted Patients Identified by Array-CGH

Laboratoire de Génétique Médicale, Hôpital Jeanne de Flandre, CHRU, Lille, France.
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (Impact Factor: 2.05). 11/2009; 149A(12):2813-9. DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.33097
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Microdeletion 15q24 is an emerging syndrome recently described, mainly due to increased use of array-CGH. Clinical features associate mild to moderate developmental delay, typical facial characteristics (high forehead and frontal hairline, broad eyebrows, downslanting palpebral features, long philtrum), hands (particularly proximal implanted thumbs) and genital anomalies (micropenis, hypospadias). We report here on four de novo cases having 2.5-6.1 Mb deletions involving 15q24: one 15q23q24.2 (Patient 1) and three 15q24.1q24.2 deletions (Patients 2-4). We correlate phenotype to genotype according to molecular boundaries of these deletions. Since bilateral iris coloboma and severe ano-rectal malformation were only present in Patient 1, we could link these anomalies to haploinsufficiency of 15q23 genes. Neither hypospadias nor micropenis were present in Patient 3 bearing the smallest deletion, therefore we could define 500 kb 15q24.1 region linked to these anomalies.

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    • "Other CGH arrays revealed a novel recurrent 15q24 microdeletion syndrome with the deletions being between 1.7 and 3.9 Mb in size. The syndrome is characterized, amongst other features, by genital anomalies in male, including micropenis and hypospadias (Sharp et al. 2007; Andrieux et al. 2009), but the causative genes have not been identified. "
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