Article

Detection of Fastidious Vaginal Bacteria in Women with HIV Infection and Bacterial Vaginosis

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, P.O. Box 356460, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.
Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 11/2009; 2009:236919. DOI: 10.1155/2009/236919
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Fastidious bacteria have been associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV) using PCR methods. We assessed the prevalence of these bacteria in HIV-1 infected women and their relationship with vaginal pH and shedding of HIV-1 RNA.
64 cervicovaginal lavage (CVL) samples were collected from 51 women. Vaginal microbiota were characterized using 8 bacterium-specific quantitative PCR assays.
Women with the fastidious bacteria Bacterial Vaginosis Associated Bacterium (BVAB) 1, 2, and 3 showed a trend to increased HIV-1 shedding (OR 2.59-3.07, P = .14-.17). Absence of Lactobacillus crispatus (P < .005) and presence of BVAB2 (P < .001) were associated with elevated vaginal pH. BVAB1, 2, and 3 were highly specific indicators of BV in HIV-infected women, with specificities of 89%-93%.
Fastidious bacteria (BVAB 1, 2, and 3) remain specific indicators of BV in HIV-infected women, and BVAB2 may contribute to the elevated vaginal pH that is a hallmark of this syndrome.

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    • "This group was included to act as a comparison group to the low risk FUSS population, to extend the breadth of sexual exposure in the overall study population and to provide generalisable findings to past studies. Most studies of the association of BV-COs with BV have been in women recruited from higher prevalence populations [15], [17], [35], [36]. "
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    PLoS ONE 02/2012; 7(2):e30633. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0030633 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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