Behaviors of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling factors during maturation of bovine oocytes in vitro.
ABSTRACT The mammalian oocyte undergoes dynamic changes in chromatin structure to reach complete maturation. However, little known is about behaviors of ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling factors (ACRFs) during meiosis. Here, we found that respective ACRFs may differently behave in the process of oocyte maturation in the bovine. All ACRFs interacted with oocytic chromatin at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage. Mi-2 and hSNF2H disappeared from GV-chromatin within 1 hr of in vitro culture whereas Brg-1 and BAF-170 were retained throughout germinal vesicle break down (GVBD). Brg-1 was localized on the condensed chromatin outside, whereas BAF-170 was entirely excluded from condensed chromatin. Thereafter, Brg-1 and BAF-170 interacted with metaphase I and metaphase II chromosomes. These results imply that Mi-2 and hSNF2H may initiate the meiotic resumption, and Brg-1 and BAF-170 may support chromatin condensation during meiosis. In addition, DNA methylation and methylation of histone H3 at lysine 9 (H3K9) seem to be constantly retained in the oocyte chromatin throughout in vitro maturation. Inhibition of ACRF activity by treatment with the inhibitor apyrase led to retarded chromatin remodeling in bovine oocytes, thereby resulting in poor development of fertilized embryos. Therefore, these results indicate that precise behaviors of ACRFs during meiosis are critical for nuclear maturation and subsequent embryonic development in the bovine.
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ABSTRACT: The original model for regulation of oocyte maturation proposed by us in 1978 postulated that gap junction-mediated transmission of cAMP from the follicle cells to the oocyte inhibits meiosis and that luteinizing hormone (LH) terminates the flux of the follicle cAMP to the oocyte. A decrease in oocyte cAMP below inhibitory threshold occurs since oocytes lack the ability to generate sufficient amounts of cAMP to compensate for the phosphodiesterase activity. Our previous studies provided evidence to support this model. More recent studies in our laboratory were directed at identification of the cellular biochemical and molecular events initiated within rat oocytes upon the relief of cAMP inhibition. These studies: (i) identified an oocyte specific A kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) that is phosphorylated in oocytes resuming meiosis, (ii) confirmed that cdc25B governs meiosis reinitiation and demonstrated that its expression is translationally regulated, (iii) substantiated the indispensable role of proteasomal degradation at completion of the first meiotic division in a mammalian system, (iv) elucidated the role of MPF reactivation in suppressing interphase between the two meiotic divisions and (v) provided evidence that mos translation is negatively regulated by a protein kinase A (PKA)-mediated action of cAMP and is dependent on an active MPF. A detailed account on each of these findings is presented in this chapter.Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 05/2005; 234(1-2):19-25. · 4.04 Impact Factor
Article: Repression.Arizona medicine 07/1967; 24(6):559-60.
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ABSTRACT: It has become widely accepted that modification of nucleosome structure is an important regulatory mecha- nism. The hypothesis that the acetylation of histones is involved in regulation was first formed over thirty years ago by Allfrey and colleagues (Allfrey et al. 1964). Sub- sequent genetic studies suggested that complexes that utilize ATP hydrolysis to alter chromatin structure might also play a regulatory role. In the past 5 years, numerous ATP-dependent remodeling complexes, acet- yltransferases, and acetyltransferase complexes have been isolated and characterized. With the identification of these complexes, it is now possible to examine how these complexes modulate gene expression, and how theGenes & Development 10/1999; 13(18):2339-52. · 12.44 Impact Factor