Value of Stress Myocardial Perfusion Scanning in Diagnosis of Severe Coronary Artery Disease in Liver Transplantation Candidates
ABSTRACT The significant potential for perioperative and late cardiovascular complications makes careful preoperative cardiac risk assessment imperative in liver transplantation candidates.
To determine the sensitivity and specificity of myocardial perfusion scanning for detection of coronary artery disease (CAD) in liver transplantation candidates.
We prospectively evaluated 93 liver transplantation candidates. Patients with known CAD were excluded. All patients, regardless of symptoms and risk factors, underwent myocardial perfusion scanning and coronary angiography.
Results of myocardial perfusion scanning were abnormal in 64 patients (68.8%) and normal in 29 patients (31.2%). Of patients with abnormal scans, only 6 (9.4%) had severe CAD at coronary angiography. None of the 29 patients with normal perfusion scans and the 24 patients with fixed defects had severe CAD; however, 6 of 40 patients (15.0%) with reversible perfusion defects had severe CAD at coronary angiography (P = .005). Alcoholic liver disease, reversible perfusion defects at myocardial perfusion scanning, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and higher low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and triglyceride levels were significantly associated with CAD. Defining reversible perfusion defects as a sign of ischemia, and fixed defects and normal perfusion as nonischemic, myocardial perfusion scanning had 100% sensitivity but 61% specificity for severe CAD. The test's accuracy was low (38%).
The results of reversible perfusion defects on myocardial perfusion scanning were sensitive but not specific for CAD in liver transplantation candidates. The high number of false-positive results decreased the test's accuracy.
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ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular and metabolic diseases represent important long-term complications after liver transplantation (LT), impairing long-term and disease-free survivals. A few mechanisms underlie the development of those complications, but the role of immunosuppressive drugs is major. Although several patients develop temporary metabolic diseases, which normalize after a short postoperative period and do not need long-term drug therapy, the incidences of de novo long-lasting arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus are high during the first year after LT. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate new-onset arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or diabetes among 100 LT patients at a single institution. We used chi-square statistical analysis to compare incidences during tacrolimus versus cyclosporine therapy. Hypertension did not seem to be more strongly related to tacrolimus than to cyclosporine, nor did diabetes, whereas there was a difference for the development of hyperlipidemia.Transplantation Proceedings 09/2010; 42(7):2576-8. DOI:10.1016/j.transproceed.2010.05.160 · 0.95 Impact Factor
Article: The heart in liver transplantation[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The heart and liver are organs that are closely related in both health and disease. Patients who undergo liver transplantation may suffer from heart disease that is: (a) related to the original cause of the liver disease such as hemochromatosis, (b) related to the liver disease itself, or (c) related to other associated conditions. Furthermore, liver transplantation is one of the most cardiovascular stressful events that a patient with cirrhosis may undergo. After liver transplantation, the progression of pre-existing or the development of new-onset cardiac disease may occur. This article reviews the relationship between the heart and liver transplantation in the pre-transplant, intra-operative, and post-transplant periods.Journal of Hepatology 11/2010; 54(4):810-22. DOI:10.1016/j.jhep.2010.11.003 · 10.40 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A cardiac evaluation before orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is imperative. Previous investigations have demonstrated that mild to moderate reversible perfusion defects on myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) in general are associated with a low risk for perioperative cardiac events. The objective of this study was to assess any perfusion defects in consecutive patients with chronic liver disease who were undergoing OLT. OLT candidates underwent extensive cardiovascular screening that included, among other methods, MPS. Patients who had no contraindications for surgery and underwent OLT were followed up. The occurrence and risk of complications and mortality were compared in 3 groups of patients: patients with normal MPS results, patients with any reversible defect, and patients with a fixed perfusion defect on MPS. In all, 156 subsequent patients underwent OLT. One or more reversible segmental perfusion defects on MPS were present in 14 patients (<3 segments, n = 12; 3 segments without obstructive coronary artery disease, n = 2). The risk of complications did not differ significantly between patients with normal MPS findings and patients with a reversible perfusion defect (odds ratio = 3.04, 95% confidence interval = 0.65-14.26, P = 0.16), although the study was not sufficiently powered to show a difference. The presence of 1 or more reversible defects on MPS was significantly associated with an increased incidence of all-cause 1-year mortality (hazard ratio = 3.17, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-9.83, P = 0.046). No significant difference in the outcomes of patients with normal MPS findings and patients with a fixed defect on MPS was found; the study was, however, not adequately powered to do so. In conclusion, the results of this small cohort study indicate that patients with mild to moderate reversible perfusion defects on MPS may have inferior survival characteristics in comparison with patients with normal MPS results. A prospective, adequately powered study is required to confirm the results of this study.Liver Transplantation 03/2011; 17(3):261-9. DOI:10.1002/lt.22234 · 3.79 Impact Factor