Composite tissue allotransplantation: current challenges.
ABSTRACT Composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) in the clinic is taking firm root. Success at hand, face, knee, trachea, and laryngeal transplantation has led to widespread interest and increasing application. Despite this, skepticism is common, particularly in the realm of reconstructive surgeons. The risks of immunosuppression remain a barrier to the advancement of the field, as these are perceived by many to be prohibitive. Significant progress in the field require the development of newer immunosuppressive agents with less toxicity and methods to achieve donor specific tolerance. This review focuses on the current state of CTA-both in the clinic and the laboratory. A thorough understanding of the immunology of CTA will allow the widespread application of this promising field.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of vitamin K1 on wound healing in the left colon of rats with experimental biliary obstruction.Acta cirurgica brasileira / Sociedade Brasileira para Desenvolvimento Pesquisa em Cirurgia 08/2014; 29(8):522-527. · 0.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Aims: Recent developments in the field of cell-based therapeutic products (CBTPs) have forced the EU to revise its legislation on therapeutic products by enacting several new legal instruments. In this study, we investigate how CBTPs are regulated and what determines their regulatory classification. Furthermore, we compare the regulatory burden between CBTPs in different product categories. Materials & methods: Product categories covering CBTPs were identified and characteristics critical for the regulatory classification of a CBTP were determined in each category. The effect of the critical characteristics on the classification was evaluated by constructing a decision tree that covers all possible combinations of the critical characteristics. Differences in the regulatory burden between CBTPs were evaluated by comparing regulations crucial for placing a therapeutic product on the EU market between the product categories. Results: Regulation of CBTPs has been divided between the main product categories of the EU legal framework for therapeutic products on the basis of the characteristics of the cells that the CBTPs contain. The regulatory burden is lowest for CBTPs regulated as blood, cells or tissues, and highest for CBTPs regulated as medicinal products. Conclusion: CBTPs exist in all product categories of the EU legal framework for therapeutic products. However, the current framework does not cover all possible CBTPs. Furthermore, our results indicate that the regulatory burden of a CBTP is related to the risk it may pose to the health and safety of recipients.Regenerative Medicine 05/2014; 9(3):327-51. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Psychosocial aspects are important indicators for reconstructive hand transplantation (RHT). They warrant further research attention given the influence of psychosocial factors on the success of RHT. This review will contrast RHT with solid organ transplantation, provide information to guide selection of RHT candidates and ethical implications, share information on psychological outcomes, and address the importance of a multicenter research approach. Previously published RHT reports have tried to identify psychosocial factors that are essential to guide selection of RHT candidates and that predict psychosocial outcomes. These issues in RHT are receiving increased attention, but standardized psychosocial evaluation and follow-up protocols are still needed. Recent study highlights the potential for a multicenter research approach that uses standardized assessment strategies and also emphasizes the need for a shared assessment approach to understand psychosocial outcomes. RHT combines the technical rigors of hand surgery and microsurgery with the complex multidisciplinary care that defines modern transplantation medicine. As recent work has provided a more complete picture of the complexities of the psychosocial factors in RHT, a psychosocial assessment protocol developed with input across the centers currently performing this procedure would capitalize on the collective diverse clinical experiences and standardize the assessment and follow-up protocol. With such standardized procedures in place, psychosocial risk factors for both poor psychosocial and medical/surgical outcomes can be identified which can inform the selection or preparation of future candidates.Current opinion in organ transplantation 02/2014; · 3.27 Impact Factor