In vitro fertilization as a risk factor for transfusion after vaginal singleton delivery

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    ABSTRACT: To determine, in a single tertiary obstetric hospital, the incidence of and risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after a vaginal birth. PPH was defined as measured blood loss greater than 1,000 mL and/or need for a transfusion. Over a 4-year period, 13,868 of 19,476 women delivered vaginally, with a PPH rate of 5.15%. Identified risk factors for PPH were Asian race, maternal blood disorders, prior PPH, history of retained placenta, multiple pregnancy, antepartum hemorrhage, genital tract lacerations, macrosomia (>4 kg), and induction of labor, as well as chorioamnionitis, intrapartum hemorrhage, still birth, compound fetal presentation, epidural anesthesia, prolonged first/second stage of labor, and forceps delivery after a failed vacuum. Identification of risk factors for PPH after a vaginal delivery may afford prophylactic treatment of such women with reduction of morbidity.
    Southern Medical Journal 04/2005; 98(4):419-22. DOI:10.1097/01.SMJ.0000152760.34443.86 · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We examined vaginal deliveries of twins to identify factors most strongly associated with the increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage (estimated blood loss > or = 1,000 mL). We reviewed the obstetric records of all 171 twin vaginal deliveries at Japanese Red Cross Katsushika Maternity Hospital from January 2002 through August 2006. Of these deliveries, 41 (24%) were complicated by postopartum hemorrhage. Postpartum hemorrhage was significantly more likely in cases with gestational age > or = 39 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.65-7.28), a combined birth weight of more than 5,500 g (OR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.00-6.45), induction of labor (OR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.38-5.98), oxytocin administration during labor (OR, 2.86; 95% CI, 1.27-6.48), or a duration of labor > or = 24 hours (OR, 2.55; 95% CI, 1.15-5.62). Postpartum hemorrhage is a frequent complication in twin pregnancies. Therefore, special attention should be given after birth to patients with induction of labor or intervened delivery especially at > or = 39 weeks gestation.
    Journal of Nippon Medical School 12/2007; 74(6):414-7. DOI:10.1272/jnms.74.414 · 0.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study was conducted to investigate the association of placental morphological and histopathological features with term, singleton pregnancies obtained by assisted reproductive technologies (ART). The study group comprised 45 consecutive women with a singleton pregnancy, obtained by ART, who delivered at term. For each subject in the study group, the consecutive, matched-for-age-and-parity woman, with a term singleton, spontaneously conceived pregnancy served as the controls. The placentae of both groups were subject to a detailed morphological and histopathological investigation by one pathologist, who was blinded to specimen origin. Pregnancy complications, fetal weight and perinatal outcome were similar in both groups. No differences in morphological or histopathological features of the placenta were observed between the groups. Nevertheless, the placentae of the study group showed a borderline, significantly higher placental weight and placental:fetal weight ratio, and placental thickness was significantly higher. Abnormal umbilical cord insertion was significantly more prevalent in the study group. Neither the specific ART method employed, nor the infertility factor affected the results, suggesting that multiple embryo transfers and/or ovulation induction protocols may account for these differences.
    Human Reproduction 05/1999; 14(4):1107-10. · 4.59 Impact Factor