Ultrafast Dynamics of Protein Proton Transfer on Short Hydrogen Bond Potential Energy Surfaces: S65T/H148D GFP.
ABSTRACT Ultrafast proton transfer dynamics on a short H-bond in a protein were studied through the time-resolved fluorescence of the S65T/H148D green fluorescent protein (GFP) mutant. In response to the change in chromophore pK(a) upon excitation, the donor-proton-acceptor structure evolves on a sub-100 fs time scale, followed by picosecond time scale vibrational cooling and host structure reorganization.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Ismael A Heisler, Aug 06, 2014
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ABSTRACT: The ultrafast excited-state dynamics underlying the receptor state photorecovery is resolved in the M100A mutant of the photoactive yellow protein (PYP) from Halorhodospira halophila. The M100A PYP mutant, with its distinctly slower photocycle than wt PYP, allows isolation of the pB signaling state for study of the photodynamics of the protonated chromophore cis-p-coumaric acid. Transient absorption signals indicate a subpicosecond excited-state proton-transfer reaction in the pB state that results in chromophore deprotonation prior to the cis-trans isomerization required in the photorecovery dynamics of the pG state. Two terminal photoproducts are observed, a blue-absorbing species presumed to be deprotonated trans-p-coumaric acid and an ultraviolet-absorbing protonated photoproduct. These two photoproducts are hypothesized to originate from an equilibrium of open and closed folded forms of the signaling state, I(2) and I(2)'.Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 10/2010; 1(19):2793-2799. DOI:10.1021/jz101049v · 6.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Reversible photoswitching fluorescent protein Dronpa can reversibly switch between fluorescent on-state and nonfluorescent off-state by two radiations. The primary events of photodynamics in Dronpa were elucidated by nonadiabatic ONIOM (CASSCF:AMBER) molecular dynamics simulations. All radiationless decay processes are found mainly to result from one bond flip of a bridge C−C bond of the chromophore in the protein, regardless of its protonation state or conformation, rather than hula twisting. In the off-state protein, trans−cis photoisomerization of the neutral trans chromophore takes place via a rotation around the imidazolinone ring. In the wild-type on-state protein, the anionic cis chromophore mostly remains planar for at least 20 ps. In contrast, in the H193T mutant on-state, faster decay via a rotation of the phenoxy ring or imidazolinone ring of the anionic cis chromophore was found, suggesting that flexibility of the chromophore and its immediate protein environment is the key to radiationless decays.Keywords (keywords): Dronpa; fluorescent protein; reversible photoswitching; photodynamics; nonadiabatic molecular dynamics; photoisomerization; excited-state proton transferJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters 11/2010; 1(23). DOI:10.1021/jz101419p · 6.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Initiated by excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) reaction, an overall reaction cycle of 4-(2-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,2-dimethyl-1H-imidazol-5(4H)-one (o-HBDI), an analogue of the core chromophore of the green fluorescent protein (GFP), has been investigated. In contrast to the native GFP core, 4-(4-hydroxybenzylidene)-1,2-dimethyl-1H-imidazol-5(4H)-one (p-HBDI), which requires hydrogen-bonding relay to accomplish proton transfer in vivo, o-HBDI possesses a seven-membered-ring intramolecular hydrogen bond and thus provides an ideal system for mimicking an intrinsic proton-transfer reaction. Upon excitation, ESIPT takes place in o-HBDI, resulting in a ∼600 nm proton-transfer tautomer emission. The o-HBDI tautomer emission, resolved by fluorescence upconversion, is comprised of an instantaneous rise to a few hundred femtosecond oscillation in the early relaxation stage. Frequency analysis derived from ultrashort pulse gives two low-frequency vibrations at 115 and 236 cm(-1), corresponding to skeletal deformation motions associated with the hydrogen bond. The results further conclude that ESIPT in o-HBDI is essentially triggered by low-frequency motions and may be barrierless along the reaction coordinate. Femtosecond UV/vis transient absorption spectra also provide supplementary evidence for the structural evolution during the reaction. In CH(3)CN, an instant rise of a 530 nm transient is resolved, which then undergoes 7.8 ps decay, accompanied by the growth of a rather long-lived 580 nm transient species. It is thus concluded that following ESIPT the cis-proton transfer isomer undergoes cis-trans-isomerization. The results of viscosity-dependent dynamics are in favor of the one-bond-flip mechanism, which is in contrast to the volume-conserving isomerization behavior for cis-stilbene and p-HBDI. Further confirmation is given by the picosecond-femtosecond transient IR absorption spectra, where several new and long-lived IR bands in the range of 1400-1500 cm(-1) are assigned to the phenyl in-plane breathing motions of the trans-proton transfer tautomer. Monitored by the nanosecond transient absorption, the 580 nm transient undergoes a ∼7.7 μs decay constant, accompanied by the growth of a new ∼500 nm band. The latter is assigned to a deprotonated tautomer species, which then undergoes the ground-state reverse proton recombination to the original o-HBDI in ∼50 μs, achieving an overall, reversible proton transfer cycle. This assignment is unambiguously supported by pump-probe laser induced fluorescence studies. On these standpoints, a comparison of photophysical properties among o-HBDI, p-HBDI, and wild-type GFP is discussed in detail.Journal of the American Chemical Society 02/2011; 133(9):2932-43. DOI:10.1021/ja107945m · 11.44 Impact Factor