Randomized clinical trials in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
ABSTRACT Gastrointestinal (GI) stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal tumor of the GI tract, constituting 80% of all GI mesenchymal tumors and approximately 20% of all small bowel malignancies, excluding lymphomas. This article provides a summary of recent randomized clinical trials of these tumors.
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ABSTRACT: The Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) is the most common sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Major prognostic indices in the evaluation and management of GIST include the size, location and tumor mitotic rate. The discovery of the mutation in the tyrosine kinase receptor c-KIT (CD117) revolutionized the treatment of GIST in the early twenty-first century. Since the first case report of the success of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) imatinib, in the treatment of a female patient with metastatic GIST, the paradigm of treatment of this tumor has evolved tremendously. The initial use in metastatic GISTs has progressed to use of the TKI in both the adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings. It is now standard of care for patients with complete resection of primary localized GIST, with high risk of recurrence, to have at least one year of adjuvant imatinib. Recent SSGVXIII study shows that patients benefit from extended duration of therapy.Current Oncology Reports 04/2012; 14(4):327-32. DOI:10.1007/s11912-012-0241-0 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are frequently characterized by KIT overexpression. Tumor-free margins and complete cytoreduction of disease are mainstays of treatment. We hypothesized that fluorescently labeled anti-KIT antibodies can label GIST in vivo. KIT K641E(+/-) transgenic mice that spontaneously develop cecal GISTs were used in this study, with C57BL/6 mice serving as controls. Alexa 488 fluorophore-conjugated anti-KIT antibodies were delivered via the tail vein 24 h prior to fluorescence imaging. Following fluorescence laparoscopy, mice were sacrificed. The gastrointestinal tracts were grossly examined for tumors followed by fluorescence imaging. Tumors were harvested for histologic confirmation. KIT K641E(+/-) mice and C57BL/6 control mice received anti-KIT antibody or isotope control antibody. Fluorescence laparoscopy had a high tumor signal-to-background noise ratio. Upon blinded review of intravital fluorescence and bright light images, there were 2 false-positive and 0 false-negative results. The accuracy was 92 %. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were 100, 87, 85, and 100 %, respectively, for the combined modalities. In this study, we present a method for in vivo fluorescence labeling of GIST in a murine model. Several translatable applications include: laparoscopic staging; visualization of peritoneal metastases; assessment of margin status; endoscopic differentiation of GISTs from other benign submucosal tumors; and longitudinal surveillance of disease response. This novel approach has clear clinical applications that warrant further research and development.Annals of Surgical Oncology 08/2013; DOI:10.1245/s10434-013-3172-6 · 3.94 Impact Factor