A noble function of BAY 11-7082: Inhibition of platelet aggregation mediated by an elevated cAMP-induced VASP, and decreased ERK2/JNK1 phosphorylations.
ABSTRACT Platelets, though anucleated, possess several transcription factors, including NF-kappaB, that exert non-genomic functions regulating platelet activation. Since platelets have not only been recognized as central players of homeostasis, but also participated in pathological conditions such as thrombosis, atherosclerosis, and inflammation, we examined rat platelet NF-kappaB expression and evaluated the effects of anti-inflammatory drug BAY 11-7082, an inhibitor of NF-kappaB activation, in platelet physiology. Western blotting revealed that rat platelets express NF-kappaB. BAY 11-7082, dose dependently, inhibited collagen- or thrombin-induced-platelet aggregation. ATP release, TXB(2) formation, P-selectin expression, and intercellular Ca(2+) concentration activated by collagen were reduced in BAY 11-7082-treated platelets. BAY 11-7082 elevated intracellular levels of cAMP, but not cGMP, and its co-incubation with cAMP-activating agent (forskolin) or its hydrolyzing enzyme inhibitor (3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, IBMX), synergistically inhibited collagen-induced-platelet aggregation. In addition, vasodilator-stimulated-phosphoprotein (VASP) phosphorylation was enhanced in BAY 11-7082-treated platelets, which was partially inhibited by a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, H-89. Moreover, while p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was not affected, BAY 11-7082 attenuated c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) and extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2) phosphorylations. In conclusion, BAY 11-7082 inhibits platelet activation, granule secretion, and aggregation, and that this effect is mediated by inhibition of JNK1 and ERK2 phosphorylations, and partially by stimulation of cAMP-dependent PKA VASP phosphorylation. The ability of BAY 11-7082 to inhibit platelet function might be relevant in cases involving aberrant platelet activation where the drug is considered as anti-atherothrombosis, and anti-inflammatory therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Platelets express Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that recognise molecular components of pathogens and, in nucleated cells, elicit immune responses through nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) activation. We have shown that NF-κB mediates platelet activation in response to classical agonists, suggesting that this transcription factor exerts non-genomic functions in platelets. The aim of this study was to determine whether NF-κB activation is a downstream signal involved in TLR2 and 4-mediated platelet responses. Aggregation and ATP release were measured with a Lumi-aggregometer. Fibrinogen binding, P-selectin and CD40 ligand (CD40L) levels and platelet-neutrophil aggregates were measured by cytometry. I kappa B alpha (IκBα) degradation and p65 phosphorylation were determined by Western blot and von Willebrand factor (vWF) by ELISA. Platelet stimulation with Pam3CSK4 or LPS resulted in IκBα degradation and p65 phosphorylation. These responses were suppressed by TLR2 and 4 blocking and synergised by thrombin. Aggregation, fibrinogen binding and ATP and vWF release were triggered by Pam3CSK4. LPS did not induce platelet responses per se, except for vWF release, but it did potentiate thrombin-induced aggregation, fibrinogen binding and ATP secretion. Pam3CSK4, but not LPS, induced P-selectin and CD40L expression and mixed aggregate formation. All of these responses, except for CD40L expression, were inhibited in platelets treated with the NF-κB inhibitors BAY 11-7082 or Ro 106-9920. TLR2 and 4 agonists trigger platelet activation responses through NF-κB. These data show another non-genomic function of NF-κB in platelets and highlight this molecule as a potential target to prevent platelet activation in inflammatory or infectious diseases.Thrombosis Research 12/2013; · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ethnopharmacological Relevance. Morus alba L. leaves (MAE) have been used in fork medicine for the treatment of beriberi, edema, diabetes, hypertension, and atherosclerosis. However, underlying mechanism of MAE on cardiovascular protection remains to be elucidated. Therefore, we investigated whether MAE affect platelet aggregation and thrombosis. Materials and Methods. The anti-platelet activity of MAE was studied using rat platelets. The extent of anti-platelet activity of MAE was assayed in collagen-induced platelet aggregation. ATP and serotonin release was carried out. The activation of integrin α IIb β 3 and phosphorylation of signaling molecules, including MAPK and Akt, were investigated with cytofluorometer and immunoblotting, respectively. The thrombus formation in vivo was also evaluated in arteriovenous shunt model of rats. Results. HPLC chromatographic analysis revealed that MAE contained rutin and isoquercetin. MAE dose-dependently inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation. MAE also attenuated serotonin secretion and thromboxane A2 formation. In addition, the extract in vivo activity showed that MAE at 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg significantly and dose-dependently attenuated thrombus formation in rat arterio-venous shunt model by 52.3% (P < 0.001), 28.3% (P < 0.01), and 19.1% (P < 0.05), respectively. Conclusions. MAE inhibit platelet activation, TXB2 formation, serotonin secretion, aggregation, and thrombus formation. The plant extract could be considered as a candidate to anti-platelet and antithrombotic agent.Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 01/2014; 2014:639548. · 2.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The current study intended to examine the signal transduction pathway of N-(quinolin-2-ylmethyl) butane-1, 4-diamine (QMA) in antiplatelet aggregation. Rats were divided randomly into five groups: control group; QMA-treated groups (0.3, 1, and 3 mg/kg); and r-Hirudin-treated group (0.3 mg/kg). Sample groups intravenously injected the corresponding agents once a day for 5 days; control group took 0.9% NaCl in the same way. Ten minutes after the last injection, blood samples were obtained from the rat abdominal aorta. Aggregation ex vivo was tested after irritating platelets by 1.5 U/ml thrombin for 5 min with a platelet aggregometer. Malondialdehyde production, activity of superoxide dismutase and nitric oxide production were determined by the microplate reader. Measurement of [Ca]i was performed using a fluorescence spectrophotometer. Thromboxane A2, cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic guanosine monophosphate levels, vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein, and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation were measured with ELISA kits. Phospholipase C γ2 and protein kinase C were observed by immunoblotting study. QMA inhibited thrombin-induced platelet aggregation ex vivo. QMA significantly elevated superoxide dismutase activity, levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate, cyclic guanosine monophosphate, nitric oxide, and subsequently promoted vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation. Meanwhile, QMA suppressed phospholipase C γ2, protein kinase C and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation, as well as malondialdehyde, thromboxane A2 formation and [Ca]i mobilization. QMA has a strong antiplatelet potential via its multitarget mechanism.Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 02/2014; · 1.25 Impact Factor