Evaluation of occipitocervical subluxation in rheumatoid arthritis patients, using coronal-view reconstructive computed tomography.
ABSTRACT Reconstructive computed tomography (CT) study of occipito-atlanto and atlantoaxial joints in RA patients.
The occipitocervical region is one of the most common sites of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Although lateral radiography has been used for the diagnosis of atlantoaxial subluxation and vertical subluxation, reconstructive CT imaging of the occipito-atlanto and atlantoaxial joints is more sensitive in detecting morphologic changes in this region. We investigated this region in RA patients, using coronal-view reconstructive CT images, and examined the relationship between the morphology and other radiographic parameters.
The occipitocervical region was examined in 58 female RA patients by reconstructive CT, plain radiography, and MRI. The degree of destructive change on reconstructive CT was compared to that on other radiographic evaluations.
Coronal-view reconstructive CT revealed primary destructive changes before detection by lateral radiography, using Redlund-Johnell or Ranawat values. A Redlund-Johnell value less than 34 mm was diagnostic for occipitocervical subluxation in female RA patients.
Coronal-view reconstructive CT is useful for the diagnosis of occipitocervical joint subluxation in RA.