Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention for Substance Use Disorders: A Pilot Efficacy Trial

Addictive Behaviors Research Center, Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Substance Abuse (Impact Factor: 1.62). 10/2009; 30(4):295-305. DOI: 10.1080/08897070903250084
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The current study is the first randomized-controlled trial evaluating the feasibility and initial efficacy of an 8-week outpatient Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) program as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). Participants were 168 adults with substance use disorders who had recently completed intensive inpatient or outpatient treatment. Assessments were administered pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 2 and 4 months post-intervention. Feasibility of MBRP was demonstrated by consistent homework compliance, attendance, and participant satisfaction. Initial efficacy was supported by significantly lower rates of substance use in those who received MBRP as compared to those in TAU over the 4-month post-intervention period. Additionally, MBRP participants demonstrated greater decreases in craving, and increases in acceptance and acting with awareness as compared to TAU. Results from this initial trial support the feasibility and initial efficacy of MBRP as an aftercare approach for individuals who have recently completed an intensive treatment for substance use disorders.

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Available from: Susan E Collins, Jul 28, 2015
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    • "Emerging empirical evidence suggests that mindfulness strategies are effective at managing cravings. For instance, interventions using mindfulness exercises have been shown to be effective at reducing food cravings (Alberts, Mulkens, Smeets, & Thewissen, 2010; Alberts, Thewissen, & Raes, 2012; Forman et al., 2007) as well as substance-use cravings (Bowen et al., 2009; Witkiewitz, Bowen, Douglas, & Hsu, 2012). Alberts et al. (2012) found that compared with a wait-list control group, women with disordered eating behaviours who participated in an eight-week mindfulness-based intervention reported a significant reduction in food cravings after the intervention. "
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