Pediatric constraint-induced movement therapy: a promising intervention for childhood hemiparesis.
ABSTRACT Experimental and clinical evidence is accumulating that supports the assertion that the damaged human brain is capable of responding to sensory stimulation in a sufficient manner to result in sustainable and useful benefits. The intensity and duration of therapeutic maneuvers that elicit improvement are under active investigation. Recent studies in animals, adults, and children with hemiparesis have shown that constraint of the less involved upper limb coupled with a behavioral program that repetitively encourages graded unilateral movements can result in long-term "new" functional activities. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a promising approach for treatment of children with stroke-related hemiparesis from either prenatal or postnatal causes due to the enhanced neuroplasticity of the brain during early life.
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ABSTRACT: The aims of this study are to quantify the movement limitation of upper limbs in hemiplegic children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) by using a clinical-functional scale and upper limb kinematics and to evaluate the effectiveness of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) on upper limbs. Pre-post study. Clinical rehabilitation research laboratory. Ten children with TBI. The participants were evaluated by clinical examinations (Gross Motor Function Measure, Besta scale, Quality of Upper Extremities Skills Test, and Manual Ability Classification System) and 3D kinematic movement analysis of the upper limb before the CIMT program (pretest: 0.7 years after the injury) and at the end of the program (posttest: 10 weeks later). After the CIMT, most of the clinical measures improved significantly. Some significant improvements were present in terms of kinematics, in particular, in the movement duration and the velocity of movement execution of both tasks; the index of curvature and the average jerk improved, respectively, during reaching and hand-to-mouth task, while the adjusting sway parameter decreased during the 2 movements. Significant improvements were found in upper limb joint excursion after the rehabilitative programme too. Our results suggest that the CIMT program can improve movement efficiency and upper limb function in children after TBI. The integration of the clinical outcomes and upper limb kinematics revealed to be crucial in detecting the effects of the CIMT programme.The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation 04/2011; 27(3):177-87. · 2.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To systematically examine the research literature on the effectiveness of constraint-induced movement therapy on improving arm function in children with cerebral palsy, and to assess the association between the study effect size and the characteristics of the patients and intervention protocol.Clinical Rehabilitation 08/2014; · 2.18 Impact Factor