Clinical value of computed tomography perfusion source images in acute stroke.
ABSTRACT Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) map can sensitively and accurately distinguish between infarct core and ischemic penumbra. However, CTP mapping software might not generate a perfusion map because of head movement; thus, analysing CTP source images (CTP-SI) is necessary in this situation to provide information for stroke diagnosis and therapy. In our work, 'one-stop shop' computed tomography (CT) examination including non-contrast-enhanced CT (NCCT), CTP, CT angiography (CTA) were performed in 24 patients with symptoms of acute stroke less than 9 hours. We divided patients into two groups (with and without delayed perfusion on CTP-SI), and compared the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) on CTP-SI and CTA-SI with follow-up imaging. Using follow-up imaging ASPECTS as the final infarct size, our results suggests that the ASPECTS of both CTP-SI and CTA-SI effectively predict final infarct core in the group without delayed perfusion, whereas CTP-SI has a potential advantage over CTA-SI in being able to predict final infarct core in the group with delayed perfusion. In conclusion, CTP-SI provides useful complementary information when CTP map software could not generate perfusion maps.