ABSTRACT Celiac disease is a malabsorptive disorder resulting from intolerance to gluten and leads to systemic problems due to nutritional deficiencies. Enhanced diagnostic ability through serology has led to the understanding that it is more common than previously thought and often presents in atypical and subclinical forms. Clinicians must recognize the subtle presentations that may represent celiac disease, as well as at-risk populations, so that appropriate measures can be taken to diagnose and treat the disorder.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to explore the association between celiac disease and menstrual cycle, gestation and puerperal disorders. The association between celiac disease and menstrual cycle, gestation and puerperal disorders in a sample of 62 childbearing age women (15-49 age) was assessed within an age and town of residence matched case-control study conducted in 2008. Main outcome measures were the presence of one or more disorders in menstrual cycle and the presence of one or more complication during pregnancy. 62 celiac women (median age: 31.5, range: 17-49) and 186 healthy control (median age: 32.5, range: 15-49) were interviewed. A higher percentage of menstrual cycle disorders has been observed in celiac women. 19.4% frequency of amenorrhea was reported among celiac women versus 2.2% among healthy controls (OR = 33, 95% CI = 7.17-151.8;, p = 0.000). An association has been observed between celiac disease and oligomenorrhea, hypomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea and metrorrhagia (p < 0.05). The likelihood of having at least one complication during pregnancy has been estimated to be at least four times higher in celiac women than in healthy women (OR = 4.1, 95% CI = 2-8.6, p = 0.000). A significant correlation has emerged for celiac disease and threatened abortion, gestational hypertension, placenta abruption, severe anaemia, uterine hyperkinesia, intrauterine growth restriction (p < 0.001). A shorter gestation has on average been observed in celiac women together with a lower birth weight of celiac women babies (p < 0.001). The occurrence of a significant correlation between celiac disease and reproductive disorders could suggest to consider celiac disease diagnostic procedures (serological screening) in women affected by these disorders.BMC Gastroenterology 08/2010; 10:89. DOI:10.1186/1471-230X-10-89 · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To prospectively determine mural perfusion dynamics in patients with untreated celiac disease by using dynamic contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to compare these dynamics with those in a control population and in patients with celiac disease treated with a gluten-free diet. Institutional review board approval and informed consent from all participants were obtained. Sixty consecutive patients with untreated celiac disease, 45 patients with celiac disease treated with a gluten-free diet for at least 1 year, and 30 control subjects were enrolled in this study. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging was performed by using a 1.5-T MR unit. For each MR imaging examination, maximum enhancement, slope of enhancement, and time-signal intensity curves were calculated at the level of the descending duodenal wall. Duodenal wall thickness was also evaluated. Statistical evaluation was performed by using one-way analysis of variance, and the results were confirmed by using the Bartlett test for equal variances and complemented by using Bonferroni multiple comparison, linear correlation, and the Student t test for paired data. Mean maximum enhancement of the duodenal wall was significantly higher in patients with untreated celiac disease (229.1 +/- 46.4 [standard deviation]) than in patients with treated celiac disease (109.8 +/- 27.8) and control subjects (94.7 +/- 17.9) (P < .001 for each comparison). All 60 untreated patients showed a curve characterized by fast enhancement and washout (type 4), while all 45 treated patients and the 30 control subjects showed a curve characterized by slow constant enhancement (type 2). Mean duodenal wall thickness was not significantly different between untreated patients (2.2 mm +/- 0.4), treated patients (2.0 mm +/- 0.3), and control subjects (2.0 mm +/- 0.4) (one-way analysis of variance, P = .4177; Bartlett test, P = .6951). The results of this study suggest that dynamic evaluation of the bowel wall by using contrast-enhanced MR imaging can be an effective and reproducible way to show the inflammation state in celiac disease.Radiology 09/2010; 256(3):783-90. DOI:10.1148/radiol.10092160 · 6.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic autoimmune illness of the small intestine triggered by gluten consumption in genetically predisposed individuals. CD presentation is not limited to the gastrointestinal tract and it is still under-diagnosed. Complete resolution of clinical manifestations follows if a gluten-free diet is adopted. In western countries, CD prevalence is approximately 1%. Age of onset is often between 6 months and 7 years.We assessed the approach to diagnosis and management of celiac patients by the paediatricians in Puglia Region, Italy. We conducted a cross-sectional survey among the 589 Apulian Family Paediatricians (FPs) during January 2011-January 2012 using a self-administered web-based standardized questionnaire including self-assessment of their knowledge, diagnostic path and type of management they would follow for CD, clinical information on their celiac patients. We assessed associations among the explored variables by defining double-entry contingency tables and calculating Odds Ratio (OR) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs). The 218 (37%) FPs participating in the study reported 1,020 CD patients (representing approximately 1% of the child population covered by the enrolled FPs). Of them, 55% were female; 45% were aged 5-10 years. Weight loss and stunting were the main reported symptoms at diagnosis (41%). The majority (98%) of FPs requested anti-transglutaminase antibody (tTG-Ab) titres for CD diagnosis. Approximately 78% of FPs recommended gluten introduction in the diet of infants at the age of 6 months; 12% and 8% recommended introduction of gluten before and after 6 months of age respectively.The degree of knowledge for either CD diagnosis making process or CD related diseases was medium/high in 97% and 82% of the participating FPs respectively. FPs (83%) who had a medium or high degree of knowledge of CD patients' diet were more likely to experience low or no difficulty in providing their patients with dietary advices (OR:5.5; 95%CI:1.7-17.5). Apulian FPs report a good degree of knowledge of CD, its diagnosis and its management. We will diffuse results and recommendations to all paediatricians in the Region. Actions aiming to continued education on CD in medical under and postgraduate trainings are crucial to prevent under-diagnosis.BMC Gastroenterology 02/2014; 14(1):38. DOI:10.1186/1471-230X-14-38 · 2.11 Impact Factor