Article

A new synthetic protein, TAT-RH, inhibits tumor growth through the regulation of NFkappaB activity.

Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica, Scienze Cardiovascolari ed Immunologiche, Università Federico II, Napoli, Italia.
Molecular Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.13). 11/2009; 8:97. DOI: 10.1186/1476-4598-8-97
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Based on its role in angiogenesis and apoptosis, the inhibition of NFkappaB activity is considered an effective treatment for cancer, hampered by the lack of selective and safe inhibitors. We recently demonstrated that the RH domain of GRK5 (GRK5-RH) inhibits NFkappaB, thus we evaluated its effects on cancer growth.
The role of GRK5-RH on tumor growth was assessed in a human cancer cell line (KAT-4). RH overexpression was induced by adenovirus mediated gene transfer; alternatively we administered a synthetic protein reproducing the RH domain of GRK5 (TAT-RH), actively transported into the cells.
In vitro, adenovirus mediated GRK5-RH overexpression (AdGRK5-NT) in human tumor cells (KAT-4) induces IkappaB accumulation and inhibits NFkappaB transcriptional activity leading to apoptotic events. In BALB/c nude mice harboring KAT-4 induced neoplasias, intra-tumor delivery of AdGRK5-NT reduces in a dose-dependent fashion tumor growth, with the highest doses completely inhibiting it. This phenomenon is paralleled by a decrease of NFkappaB activity, an increase of IkappaB levels and apoptotic events. To move towards a pharmacological setup, we synthesized the TAT-RH protein. In cultured KAT-4 cells, different dosages of TAT-RH reduced cell survival and increased apoptosis. In BALB/c mice, the anti-proliferative effects of TAT-RH appear to be dose-dependent and highest dose completely inhibits tumor growth.
Our data suggest that GRK5-RH inhibition of NFkappaB is a novel and effective anti-tumoral strategy and TAT-RH could be an useful tool in the fighting of cancer.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
185 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nuclear factor κB (NFκB) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in carcinogenesis as well as in the regulation of inflammatory response. NFκB is constitutively expressed in tumours where it induces the expression of genes which promote cell proliferation, apoptotic events, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis. Furthermore, many cancer cells show aberrant or constitutive NFκB activation that mediates resistance to chemo- and radio-therapy. Therefore, the inhibition of NFκB activity appears a potential therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. In this review, we focus on the role of NFκB in carcinogenesis and summarize actual inhibitors of NFκB that could be potential therapeutic target in cancer therapy.
    Translational medicine @ UniSa. 09/2012; 4:73-85.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cancer development and chemo-resistance are often due to impaired functioning of the p53 tumor suppressor through genetic mutation or sequestration by other proteins. In glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), p53 availability is frequently reduced because it binds to the Murine Double Minute-2 (MDM2) oncoprotein, which accumulates at high concentrations in tumor cells. The use of MDM2 inhibitors that interfere with the binding of p53 and MDM2 has become a valid approach to inhibit cell growth in a number of cancers; however little is known about the efficacy of these inhibitors in GBM. We report that a new small-molecule inhibitor of MDM2 with a spirooxoindolepyrrolidine core structure, named ISA27, effectively reactivated p53 function and inhibited human GBM cell growth in vitro by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In immunoincompetent BALB/c nude mice bearing a human GBM xenograft, the administration of ISA27 in vivo activated p53, inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis in tumor tissue. Significantly, ISA27 was non-toxic in an in vitro normal human cell model and an in vivo mouse model. ISA27 administration in combination with temozolomide (TMZ) produced a synergistic inhibitory effect on GBM cell viability in vitro, suggesting the possibility of lowering the dose of TMZ used in the treatment of GBM. In conclusion, our data show that ISA27 releases the powerful antitumor capacities of p53 in GBM cells. The use of this MDM2 inhibitor could become a novel therapy for the treatment of GBM patients.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(8):e72281. · 3.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) levels are elevated in inflammation but its role is not clear yet. Here we show that GRK2 expression is dependent on NFκB transcriptional activity. In macrophages, LPS induces GRK2 accumulation in mitochondria increasing biogenesis. The overexpression of the carboxy-terminal domain of GRK2 (βARK-ct), known to displace GRK2 from plasma membranes, induces earlier localization of GRK2 to mitochondria in response to LPS leading to increased mt-DNA transcription and reduced ROS production and cytokine expression. Our study shows the relevance of GRK2 subcellular localization in macrophage biology and its potential therapeutic properties in inflammation.
    FEBS letters 09/2013; · 3.54 Impact Factor

Full-text (5 Sources)

View
58 Downloads
Available from
May 16, 2014