The first detection of Babesia EU1 and Babesia canis canis in Ixodes ricinus ticks (Acari, Ixodidae) collected in urban and rural areas in northern Poland.

Department of Tropical Parasitology, Interfaculty Institute of Maritime and Tropical Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdynia, Poland.
Polish journal of microbiology / Polskie Towarzystwo Mikrobiologów = The Polish Society of Microbiologists (Impact Factor: 0.87). 01/2009; 58(3):231-6.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ixodes ricinus, the most commonly observed tick species in Poland, is a known vector of such pathogenic microorganisms as TBE viruses, Borrelia burgdoferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Rickettsia helvetica, Babesia divergens and B. microti in our country. Our study aimed to find out whether this tick can also transmit other babesiae of medical and veterinary importance. DNA extracts of 1392 ticks (314 nymphs, 552 male and 526 female ticks) collected in urban and rural areas in the Pomerania province (northern Poland), were examined by nested PCR for the detection of Babesia spp., using outer primers: 5-22F and 1661R, and inner primers: 455-479F and 793-772R, targeting specific fragment of 18S rRNA gene. Overall, at least 1.6% ticks were found to be infected with babesial parasites. In the case of nymphs, the minimal prevalence was 0.6%, and it was approx. 3-times lower than in adults (1.9%). Percentages of infected males and females were comparable (2.0% vs. 1.7%). Sequences of 15/22 PCR-derived fragments of 18S rRNA gene demonstrated 100% similarities with the sequence of Babesia EUI (proposed name B. venatorum) (acc. no. AY046575) (n = 13) and with B. canis canis (acc. no. AY321119) (n = 2), deposited in the GenBank database. The partial 18S rDNA sequences of Babesia EUI and B. c. canis obtained by us from I. ricinus have been deposited in GenBank, accession nos. GQ325619 and GQ325620, respectively. The results obtained suggest the possible role of I. ricinus as a source of microorganisms, which have been identified as agents of human and canine babesiosis, respectively, in Europe. To our knowledge this is the first report on the occurrence of Babesia EUI and B. c. canis in I. ricinus in Poland.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: It is a well-known fact that high biodiversity is related to the health and proper functioning of environment. Recently, the attempts to search the relations between biodiversity and human health are also undertaken. A number of studies demonstrate that people living in undegraded environment are less exposed to the diseases of affluence. However, they are at a higher risk of contracting zoonoses. It is believed that the higher the number of animals, the higher is the number of ticks. Consequently, there is a serious risk of borreliosis and other tick-borne diseases. Such assumption, however, may be erroneous. A number of studies suggest a decreasing prevalence of tick-borne disease pathogens in high-biodiversity areas. In this paper, a promising hypothesis explaining this relation is discussed.
    Przegla̧d epidemiologiczny 11/2014; 68(4):681-684.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Risk assessment of tick-borne and zoonotic disease emergence necessitates sound knowledge of the particular microorganisms circulating within the communities of these major vectors. Assessment of pathogens carried by wild ticks must be performed without a priori, to allow for the detection of new or unexpected agents. We evaluated the potential of Next-Generation Sequencing techniques (NGS) to produce an inventory of parasites carried by questing ticks. Sequences corresponding to parasites from two distinct genera were recovered in Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in Eastern France: Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. Four Babesia species were identified, three of which were zoonotic: B. divergens, Babesia sp. EU1 and B. microti; and one which infects cattle, B. major. This is the first time that these last two species have been identified in France. This approach also identified new sequences corresponding to as-yet unknown organisms similar to tropical Theileria species. Our findings demonstrate the capability of NGS to produce an inventory of live tick-borne parasites, which could potentially be transmitted by the ticks, and uncovers unexpected parasites in Western Europe.
    PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 03/2014; 8(3):e2753. · 4.49 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vojka nad Dunajom in the south-west of the Slovak Republic is a locality with sympatric occurrence of 3 species of ticks. This study investigated the spatial distribution of Dermacentor reticulatus, Ixodes ricinus, and Haemaphysalis concinna ticks in this area and determined the prevalence of Babesia and Rickettsia species in questing adults of these tick species considered as potential risk for humans and animals. Ticks were collected by blanket dragging over the vegetation from September 2011 to October 2012. All ticks were subjected to DNA extraction and individually assayed with PCR-based methods targeting the gltA, sca4, 23S rRNA genes of Rickettsia spp. and the 18S rRNA gene of Babesia spp. D. reticulatus was the dominant species occurring in this area (67.7%, n = 600), followed by I. ricinus (31.8%, n = 282) and H. concinna (0.5%, n = 4) ticks. Rickettsial infection was determined in 10.8% (n = 65) and 11.7% (n = 33) of D. reticulatus and I. ricinus ticks, respectively. Babesia spp. infection was confirmed in 1.8% (n = 11) of D. reticulatus and 0.4% (n = 1) of I. ricinus ticks. DNA of 6 different pathogenic tick-borne species, Rickettsia helvetica, Rickettsia monacensis, Rickettsia slovaca, Rickettsia raoultii, Babesia canis, and Babesia venatorum were identified in this locality with sympatric occurrence of I. ricinus, D. reticulatus, and H. concinna ticks.
    Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases 09/2014; · 2.35 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

1 Download
Available from
Dec 29, 2014