The reliability of the modified Balance Error Scoring System.

School of Allied Medical Professions, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43221, USA.
Clinical journal of sport medicine: official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine (Impact Factor: 2.01). 11/2009; 19(6):471-5. DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181c12c7b
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Study 1 investigated the intraclass reliability and percent variance associated with each component within the traditional Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) protocol. Study 2 investigated the reliability of subsequent modifications of the BESS.
Prospective cross-sectional examination of the traditional and modified BESS protocols.
Schools participating in Georgia High School Athletics Association.
The modified BESS consisted of 2 surfaces (firm and foam) and 2 stances (single-leg and tandem-leg stance) repeated for a total of three 20-second trials.
Participants consisted of 2 independent samples of high school athletes aged 13 to 19 years.
Percent variance for each condition of the BESS was obtained using GENOVA 3.1. An intraclass reliability coefficient and repeated measures analysis of variance were calculated using SPSS 13.0.
Study 1 obtained an intraclass correlation coefficient (r = 0.60) with stance accounting for 55% of the total variance. Removing the double-leg stance increased the intraclass correlation coefficient (r = 0.71). Study 2 found a statistically significant difference between trials 1 and 2 (F(1.65,286) = 4.890, P = 0.013) and intraclass reliability coefficient of r = 0.88 for 3 trials of 4 conditions.
The variance associated with the double-leg stance was very small, and when removed, the intraclass reliability coefficient of the BESS increased. Removal of the double-leg stance and addition of 3 trials of 4 conditions provided an easily administered, cost-effective, time-efficient tool that provides reliable objective information for clinicians to base clinical decisions upon.

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