to determine the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associations with medication use in community-dwelling older women.
cross-sectional analysis using data from the British Women's Heart and Health Study.
general practices in 23 towns in the UK.
3,775 women aged 60-80 years from 1999 to 2001.
orthostatic hypotension-drop of > or =20 mmHg in systolic and/or a drop of > or =10 mmHg in diastolic blood pressure on standing.
prevalence of OH was 28% (95% confidence interval [CI] 26.6, 29.4), which increased with age and hypertension. Regardless of treatment status or diagnosed hypertension, raised blood pressure was strongly associated with OH (P < 0.001). OH was strongly associated with number of antihypertensives taken (none vs three or more: odds ratio [OR] 2.24, 95% CI 1.47-3.40, P < 0.001); the association was slightly attenuated after allowing for age and co-morbidities (OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.30, 3.05; P = 0.003). Women with multiple co-morbidities had markedly increased odds of OH independent of age, number and type of medications taken (none vs four or more diagnoses: OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.58-3.30, P = 0.005).
uncontrolled hypertension, use of three or more antihypertensives and multiple co-morbidities are predictors of OH in older women. Detection or monitoring of OH in these groups may prevent women from suffering its adverse consequences.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: The postural drop in blood pressure caused by autonomic neuropathy in diabetes mellitus is regarded as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension and its relation with hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus admitted in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Two hundred indoor diabetic patients were assessed. Lying and standing blood pressure of each patient was determined using standard procedure for determination of orthostatic hypotension. Patients having orthostatic hypotension were compared with those having no orthostatic hypotension for different clinical and biochemical parameters using statistical program for social sciences. Results: Twenty-six percent of the patients were found to have orthostatic hypotension. Fifty two percent of the total patients showed hypertension. Proportion of hypertension in the patients having orthostatic hypotension was more than those without orthostatic hypotension while other parameters showed no difference. Conclusion: Orthostatic hypotension is a common phenomenon in our diabetic patients admitted to tertiary care facilities. Diabetic hypertensive patients are more likely to have postural drop in blood pressure as compared to diabetic normotensive patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although hypertension is the most prevalent treatable vascular risk factor, how it causes end-organ damage and vascular events is poorly understood. Yet, a widespread belief exists that underlying usual blood pressure can alone account for all blood-pressure-related risk of vascular events and for the benefits of antihypertensive drugs, and this notion has come to underpin all major clinical guidelines on diagnosis and treatment of hypertension. Other potentially informative measures, such as variability in clinic blood pressure or maximum blood pressure reached, have been neglected, and effects of antihypertensive drugs on such measures are largely unknown. Clinical guidelines recommend that episodic hypertension is not treated, and the potential risks of residual variability in blood pressure in treated hypertensive patients have been ignored. This Review discusses shortcomings of the usual blood-pressure hypothesis, provides background to accompanying reports on the importance of blood-pressure variability in prediction of risk of vascular events and in accounting for benefits of antihypertensive drugs, and draws attention to clinical implications and directions for future research.
The Lancet 03/2010; 375(9718):938-48. DOI:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60309-1 · 45.22 Impact Factor
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