Acute phase protein changes in calves during an outbreak of respiratory disease caused by bovine respiratory syncytial virus.
ABSTRACT Bovine acute phase proteins (APPs), lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP), serum amyloid A (SAA), haptoglobin (Hp) and alpha(1)-acid glycoprotein (AGP) were evaluated as inflammatory markers during an outbreak of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) caused by bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV). Calves (n = 10) presented mild to moderate signs of respiratory disease. Secondary bacterial infections, Pasteurella multocida and Mycoplasma dispar as major species, were detected in tracheobronchial lavage samples. Concentrations of SAA and LBP increased at week 1 had the highest values at week 3 and decreased at week 4 of outbreak. Some calves had high Hp concentrations at week 3, but AGP concentrations did not rise during respiratory disease. Higher SAA, LBP and Hp concentrations at a later stage of BRD (week 3) were associated with the low BRSV-specific IgG(1) production, suggesting that these calves had enhanced inflammatory response to the secondary bacterial infection. In conclusion, APPs (especially SAA and LBP) are sensitive markers of respiratory infection, and they may be useful to explore host response to the respiratory infections in clinical research.
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ABSTRACT: Proteomics analysis of bovine bronchoalveolar fluid (BAF) following induction of pneumonia with Mannheimia haemolytica using nanoflow liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (nanoLC-MS/MS) resulted in the identification of 88 unique proteins. Proteins detected in BAF included antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), complement factors, acute-phase proteins, protease inhibitors, and proteins involved in oxidation-reduction. Notwithstanding biological variation, differences in relative protein abundance, determined using normalized peptide counts, were detected for select proteins in BAF from genuinely infected versus sham-infected animals. To demonstrate the applicability of using normalized peptide counts to assess protein expression trends, LC-MS/MS data for the acute-phase protein haptoglobin (HPT) were compared with ELISA data, and statistical evaluation of the relationship between the data revealed a strong measure of association. Differences were detected between sham- and genuinely infected animals for haptoglobin, as well as the AMPs cathelicidin-1 and cathelicidin-4, and inter-α-trypsin inhibitor heavy chain-4, a fairly novel protein involved in the acute phase response. Though the small sample size limited the scope of the inferences, the results indicate the likely importance of AMPs and acute-phase proteins during respiratory infection, and provide additional information regarding potential mechanisms involved in the bovine mucosal barrier defense.Proteomics 07/2011; 11(18):3685-97. · 4.43 Impact Factor
Article: Acute phase proteins in ruminants.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The physiological response to infections and injuries involves local inflammation and the initiation of events leading to a systemic response, also called acute phase reaction (APR). This multiplicity of changes is distant from the site of injury, and includes fever, leukocytosis and quantitative and qualitative modification of a group of non-structurally related proteins present in blood and other biological fluids, collectively named Acute Phase Proteins (APP). Proteomic investigations of serum or plasma following natural or experimental infection frequently reveal substantial alterations in the APP, several of which are high abundance proteins in these fluids. The present review will focus on the results of recent research on ruminant APP. Highlight points will include: - The structure and the functions of the main APPs in ruminants, as well as the regulatory mechanisms that trigger their systemic and local expression in both physiological and pathological conditions.- The clinical aspects of APPs in ruminants, including the current and future application to veterinary diagnosis and animal production.- The APP in small and wildlife ruminants.- Alteration in APP detected by proteomic investigations.Journal of proteomics 04/2012; 75(14):4207-31. · 5.07 Impact Factor
- Acute Phase Proteins as Early Non-Specific Biomarkers of Human and Veterinary Diseases, 10/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-873-1