A 4-year-old Dutch warmblood mare was presented with a 10-month history of ataxia and proprioceptive deficits. Computed tomography defined a large, non-contrast enhancing mass in the left cerebral hemisphere. Necropsy examination revealed a tumour that effaced much of the piriform and temporal lobes. Microscopically the lesion was classified as a grade IV glioblastoma with an oligodendroglial component (GBM-O). The tumour was composed of highly pleomorphic cells organized in different patterns within a fibrillary stroma. There were multiple foci of necrosis. At the periphery of the tumour neoplastic oligodendroglioma-like cells were embedded in an extracellular mucinous matrix. Most neoplastic cells were strongly immunoreactive for glial fibrillary acidic protein; however, the oligodendroglioma cells did not express this marker. Cells forming microvascular proliferations were positively labelled for expression of factor VIII and smooth muscle actin. All neoplastic cells were negative for Neu-N and synaptophysin. The proliferation index was up to 5%. All neoplastic cells and normal brain tissue from the horse were uniformly negative for expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), EGFR vIII mutant and the phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) compared with positive control human GBM tissue. To our knowledge this is the first report of a GBM-O in the horse.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Central nervous system tumors are rarely reported in cervids. The current report describes gross and histopathologic oligodendrogliomas in 3 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and selected immunohistochemical properties of 2 deer. All deer were euthanized due to central nervous system signs. Grossly, masses were variably circumscribed, locally invasive in the brain, light grey, and soft, and ranged from 2 to 5 cm in diameter. Histologically, tumors were characteristic for oligodendroglioma. The tumors were composed primarily of oval to round cells with round normochromatic to hyperchromatic nuclei, a pale granular cytoplasm, and well-delineated cytoplasmic membrane, and variable amounts of mucinous material, hemorrhage, and dystrophic mineralization. Immunohistochemistry, performed on masses from 2 deer, had positive cytoplasmic staining for S100 and variable staining on glial fibrillary acidic protein (1 deer negative and the other with rare positivity in astrocytes within the mass). This manuscript includes a discussion on the significance of these findings relative to central nervous system tumors of cervids and oligodendrogliomas from other species.
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation: official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc 01/2012; 24(1):202-6. DOI:10.1177/1040638711425570 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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