A novel, simple and rapid high performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed and validated for the determination of sinafloxacin, a new fluoroquinolone, in rat plasma using 96-well protein precipitation, fused-core C(18)-silica column (4.6mmx50mm, 2.7microm) packed with a new solid support, which is made of 2.7microm particles that consist of a 1.7microm solid core covered with a 0.5microm thick shell of porous silica.The chromatographic separation was achieved with a mobile phase of 20:80 (v/v) of acetonitrile and phosphate buffer (pH=3.0) at a flow rate of 1mlmin(-1). Fluorescence detection was employed with lambda(ex) 295nm and lambda(em) 505nm. Lomefloxacin was used as internal standard (IS). The total analysis time was as short as 3min. The method was sensitive with a limit of detection (LOD) of 2ngml(-1), with good linearity (R(2)=0.9996) over the linear range of 5-500ngml(-1). The intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 5.8% and accuracy ranged from 100.3% to 103.5% for quality control (QC) samples at three concentrations of 10, 50 and 400ngml(-1).The fused-core C(18)-silica column method offered high sample throughput, low injection volume and low consumption of organic solvents. The method was successfully employed in the pharmacokinetic study of sinafloxacin formulation product after tail vein injection to healthy rats.
"These advantages, compared to fully porous columns, enable the use of shorter columns and less solvent. Recent reports have demonstrated that the solid core packing material has a higher loading capacity, sample efficiency and resolution, as well as faster analysis times for the separation of small molecule drugs (Abrahim et al., 2010; Song et al., 2009; Wang et al., 2010; Zheng et al., 2009). Solid core technology has also recently been applied to a rapid HPLC method to detect the presence of wheat glutenin (Naeem and Sapirstein, 2007). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pre-column oxidation liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection is a chemical method for analyzing paralytic shellfish toxins. In order to improve the sample throughput and efficiency of AOAC Method 2005.06, solid core particle column technology was evaluated. We demonstrate that supplanting the original fully porous particle column with a solid core particle column reduces sample analysis time from 15 to 5 min per sample and improves resolution.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the present work, a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method has been developed for the residue analysis of chloramphenicol (CAP) in several food matrices. Following the addition of D(5)-CAP as internal standard, egg, honey, and milk were extracted and cleaned by means of solid-phase extraction, utilizing multi-walled carbon nanotubes as sorbent. The extracts were separated on a Halo fused-core C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 2.7 μm) and quantified by a 4000 Q-trap mass spectrometer equipped with a TurboIonSpray™ interface using electrospray ionization and multiple-reaction monitoring mode. The method validation was performed according to the criteria of Commission Decision 2002/657/EC. The decision limit (CCα) and detection capability (CCβ) of CAP in milk were calculated for m/z 320.8 > 151.9. Due to the existence of slight signal suppression, quantification was performed by matrix-matched calibration curves, ranging from 0.1 to 100 ng mL(-1), with regression coefficients of 0.9993, 0.9998, and 0.9997 for egg, honey, and milk, respectively. Mean recoveries of the CAP ranged from 95.8% to 102.3%, with the corresponding intra- and inter-day variation (relative standard deviation) less than 7.13% and 8.89%, respectively. The limit of detection and limit of quantification of the method were also reported. This method successfully applied to several food matrixes (egg, honey, and milk) and can serve as a monitoring tool to avoid unacceptable levels of residues of CAP entering the food chain.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An ultra-fast high-performance LC-ESI-MS/MS method was developed for the analysis and quantification of caffeoylquinic acid derivatives, including chlorogenic acid, 1,3-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (cynarin) and 1,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, in artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) heads and leaves. The rapid separation (less than 4 min) was achieved based on a Halo fused core C18-silica column (50 mm × 2.1 mm id, 2.7 μm). The target compounds were detected and quantified by a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer in multiple-reaction monitoring mode. The calibration function is linear from 0.06 to 2800 ng/mL for chlorogenic acid, 0.3-3000 ng/mL for cynarin and 0.24-4800 ng/mL for 1,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, respectively. The average recoveries ranged from 92.1 to 113.2% with RSDs ≤6.5%. Moreover, four batches of artichoke head and leaf extracts were analyzed using the established method. The results indicated that the Halo fused core column provided much faster separations and higher sample throughput without sacrificing column ruggedness and reliability, and triple-quadrupole MS provided extraordinarily lower LOQs for most of the target analytes. Comparing to conventional quantitative approaches, the established method was fast, sensitive and reliable for the determination of caffeoylquinic acid derivatives in artichoke.
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