Article

[Evolution of group A Rotavirus strains circulating in Tunisia over a 3-year period (2005-2007)].

Laboratoire MDT-01, faculté de pharmacie, Monastir, Tunisie.
Pathologie Biologie (Impact Factor: 1.67). 11/2009; 59(4):e79-83. DOI: 10.1016/j.patbio.2009.05.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Rotaviruses are the most frequent agents associated with diarrhoea in children worldwide. Analysis of mobility of the 11 segments of genomic RNA by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) yields a pattern which is characteristic for a particular rotavirus isolate. The group A rotaviruses can be further characterized by analysis of VP7 and VP4 genes specificities, responsible for rotavirus classification into G and P genotypes, respectively. The aim of the present study was to determine the evolution of group A Rotavirus strains circulating in Tunisia over a 3-year period (2005-2007).
A total of 1503 stool samples collected from children less than five years old, consulting or hospitalised in Tunisia for diarrhoea between 2005 and 2007, were screened for the presence of group A Rotaviruses. Rotavirus-positive specimens were further analyzed by PAGE and G/P-genotyped by multiplex semi-nested RT-PCR.
Rotaviruses were detected in 323 stool samples over 1503 (21 %). Long electropherotypes predominated in Tunisia during the whole period of study (N=158 vs N=82 short electropherotypes). VP7 genotyping showed the cocirculation of five different genotypes: G1, G2, G3, G4 and G9. VP4 typing detected four different P-genotypes: P[8], P[4], P[6] and P[11]. Rotavirus strains with G3P[8] specificity were predominating in Tunisia in 2005 and 2006, replaced by G2P[4] strains in 2007.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
87 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Non-structural protein 4 (NSP4), encoded by group A rotavirus (RVA) genome segment 10, is a multifunctional protein and the first recognized virus-encoded enterotoxin. Recently, a new classification system for RVAs was proposed and a total of 14 NSP4 genotypes (E1-E14) are currently described. The most common NSP4 genotypes in humans are Wa-like E1 and DS-1-like E2. This report represents the first investigation on the genetic diversity of RVA NSP4 genes in Tunisia from 2006 to 2008. In the present study, the NSP4-encoding genes of human RVA strains with different G/P-genotype combinations were analyzed. NSP4 genes of 261 RVA-positive fecal samples were analyzed using a semi-nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and in addition the NSP4 gene of 46 representative RVA strains were sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the Tunisian NSP4 nucleotide sequences revealed the presence of two NSP4 genotypes. Genotype E1 was found to be associated with G1P[8], G3P[6], G3P[8], G4P[6] and G4P[8], whereas genotype E2 was associated with G2P[4], G2P[6] and G6P[9] samples. These results support the hypothesis that P[8] carrying RVA strains usually possess the E1 genotype, whereas P[4] carrying RVA strains usually possess the E2 genotype. P[6] carrying strains were found with both E1 and E2. The unusual G6P[9] strains possessed a E2 genotype with a possible animal origin. These results underline the need for further investigations to assess the validity of NSP4 as a suitable target for epidemiologic surveillance of RVA infections and vaccine development.
    Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 03/2012; 12(5):997-1004. · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rotavirus (RV) infections are worldwide in distribution causing high morbidity and mortality in human and animal neonates. Human settlements in close proximity of animals aids for genetic re-assortment of the virus by interspecies transmission and consequent emergence of new viral antigenic strain. Therefore, the present study was designed to explore RV incidence in a single approach from human and animal neonates sharing similar environment. Altogether, 200 diarrheal samples from children (50), piglets (80) and calves (70) were collected during the year of 2010-2012 from various locality, farms and hospitals, initially screened through monoclonal antibody based enzyme immunoassay followed by RNA-PAGE and VP7 gene amplification by Reverse transcription PCR. The overall prevalence of rotavirus was found to be 41.5 % (83/200) where maximum numbers of positive cases were found in piglets (46.3 %) followed by human (40 %) and cow (37.1 %). Majority of samples demonstrated characteristic group A rotavirus (RVA) electropherotype of 4:2:3:2 pattern. Moreover, RNA profiles of seven samples from piglets and calves revealed variation in the migration pattern of class II, III and class IV segments. The study, for the first time from the valley, detected 43.7 % of neonatal RVA positive cases from human and animal sharing similar setting. The variation in RNA migration pattern in seven cases signifies tentative cases of gene re-assortment that warrant further evaluation.
    Indian Journal of Virology 09/2013; 24(2):250-5. · 0.36 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. Due to their epidemiological complexity, it is important to compare the genetic characteristics of vaccine strains with the RVA strains circulating before the introduction of the vaccine in the Tunisian immunization program. In the present study, the nucleotide sequences of VP7 and VP8∗ (n=31), the main targets for neutralizing antibodies, were determined. Comparison of antigenic epitopes of 11 G1P[8], 12 G2P[4], 4 G3P[8], 2 G4P[8], 1 G6P[9] and 1 G12P[8] RVA strains circulating in Tunisia from 2006 to 2011 with the RVA strains present in licensed vaccines showed that multiple amino acid differences existed in or near putative neutralizing domains of VP7 and VP8∗. The Tunisian G3 RVA strains were found to possess a potential extra N-linked glycosylation site. The Tunisian G4 RVA were closely related to the G4 vaccine strain in RotaTeq, belonging to the same lineage, but the alignment of their VP7 amino acids revealed an insertion of an asparagine residue at position 76 which is close to a glycosylation site (aa 69-71). Despite several differences detected between Tunisian and vaccine strains, which may affect binding of neutralizing antibodies, both vaccines are known to protect against the vast majority of the circulating genotypes, providing an indication of the high vaccine efficiency that can be expected in a future rotavirus immunization program.
    Infection, genetics and evolution: journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases 05/2013; · 3.22 Impact Factor