Open versus arthroscopic acromioclavicular joint resection: a retrospective comparison study.
ABSTRACT The purpose was to compare open and arthroscopic acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) resection.
We retrospectively reviewed 103 patients (105 shoulders) who underwent ACJ resection between 2000 and 2005. There were 56 women and 47 men with a mean age of 48 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 51 months (range, 15 to 91 months). Arthroscopic ACJ resection by use of a direct approach was performed in 81 shoulders (group A), and open ACJ resection was performed in 24 shoulders (group B). Results were graded according to pain relief both subjectively and objectively with cross-body adduction testing and direct palpation of the ACJ, subjective shoulder value, Constant score, and improved function.
The Constant scores increased from 50 (range, 34 to 65) to 89 (range, 39 to 100) in group A (P < .0001) and from 46 (range, 22 to 63) to 87 (range, 43 to 100) in group B (P < .0001). There was no statistical difference in the postoperative normalized Constant score between group A and group B (P = .47). Pain with cross-body adduction testing and palpation of the ACJ improved in 76 shoulders (94%) in group A and 22 shoulders (92%) in group B. No patients had signs or symptoms of ACJ anteroposterior instability. Revision ACJ resection was performed in 5 patients (5 shoulders [6.2%]) in group A and 1 shoulder (4.2%) in group B (P = .37). The radiographs of the patients who underwent revision showed that 3 patients (3.7%) from group A had regrowth of the distal clavicle; in addition, 2 patients (2.5%) from group A and 1 patient (4.3%) from group B had incomplete distal clavicle excision.
This study did not show a significant difference in the outcome between arthroscopic and open ACJ resection. Incomplete excision and regrowth of the distal clavicle are the most common causes of revision. Although only the arthroscopic group showed a small percentage of patients (3.7%) with regrowth of the distal clavicle, the number is too small to assume that this complication is the result of the arthroscopic technique only.
Level IV, therapeutic case series.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and quantify the demographic characteristics of patients undergoing open and arthroscopic distal clavicle excision (DCE) in the United States while also describing changes in practice patterns over time. Methods: Patients who underwent DCE from 2004 to 2009 were identified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes in a national database of orthopaedic insurance records. The year of procedure, age, sex, geographic region, and concomitant rotator cuff repair or subacromial decompression (SAD) were recorded for each patient. Results were reported as the incidence of procedures identified per 10,000 patients searched in the database. Results: Between 2004 and 2009, 73,231 DCEs were performed; 74% were arthroscopic and 26% were open. The incidence of arthroscopic DCE increased from 37.8 in 2004 to 58.5 in 2009 (P < .001), whereas the incidence of open DCE decreased from 21.1 in 2004 to 14.1 in 2009 (P < .001). Sixty-one percent of DCEs were performed in men (P < .001). Women were more likely to undergo an arthroscopic procedure (P < .001). Arthroscopic DCE was most common in patients aged 50 to 59 years (P < .001). Open DCE was most common in patients aged 60 to 69 years (P < .001). Open rotator cuff repair and SAD were concomitantly performed in 38% and 23% of open DCEs, respectively. Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and SAD were concomitantly performed in 33% and 95% arthroscopic DCEs, respectively. Conclusions: This analysis of DCE using a private insurance database shows that arthroscopic DCEs progressively increased, whereas open DCEs concomitantly decreased between 2004 and 2009. The majority of DCEs were performed in men between the ages of 50 and 59 years. Both arthroscopic and open DCEs are frequently performed in conjunction with rotator cuff repair or SAD.Arthroscopy The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery 05/2014; 30(9). DOI:10.1016/j.arthro.2014.04.088 · 3.19 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Arthroscopic resection of the painful and degenerative altered acromioclavicular (AC) joint without destabilization of the joint and therefore pain relief and improvement in function. Conservative failed therapy of painful AC joint osteoarthritis. Impingement caused by caudal AC joint osteophytes. Lateral clavicular osteolysis. General contraindications (infection, local tumor, coagulation disorders), higher grade instability of the AC joint (resection only together with stabilization). Diagnostic glenohumeral arthroscopy. Treatment of accompanying lesions (subacromial impingement, rotator cuff, long head of biceps). Subacromial arthroscopy with bursectomy (partial) and visualization of the AC joint. Resection of caudal osteophytes. Localization of the anterior portal using a spinal needle in the outside-in technique. Resection of 2-3 mm of the acromial side and the 3-4 mm of the clavicular side with shaver/acromionizer. An isolated open AC joint resection was performed in 9 studies and an arthroscopic resection in 6 studies. Good and very good results were obtained in 79 % (range 54-100 %) in open resection and 91 % (range 85-100 %) in arthroscopic resections. Patients were able to return to activities of daily life more quickly after arthroscopic resections than after open surgery.Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie 06/2014; 26(3):245-53. DOI:10.1007/s00064-013-0279-7 · 0.57 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Osteoarthritis of the acromioclavicular joint is a frequent cause of shoulder pain and can result in significant debilitation. It is the most common disorder of the acromioclavicular joint and may arise from a number of pathologic processes, including primary (degenerative), posttraumatic, inflammatory, and septic arthritis. Patients often present with nonspecific complaints of pain located in the neck, shoulder, and/or arm, further complicating the clinical picture. A thorough understanding of the pertinent anatomy, disease process, patient history, and physical examination is crucial to making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Initial nonoperative management is aimed at relieving pain and restoring function. Typical treatments include anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and injections. Patients who continue to exhibit symptoms after appropriate nonsurgical treatment may be candidates for operative resection of the distal clavicle through either open or arthroscopic techniques.Southern Medical Journal 05/2014; 107(5):324-329. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0000000000000101 · 1.12 Impact Factor