Personality disorders improve in patients treated for major depression
Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
(Impact Factor: 5.61).
11/2009; 122(3):219-25. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01502.x
To examine the stability of personality disorders and their change in response to the treatment of major depression.
149 depressed out-patients taking part in a treatment study were systematically assessed for personality disorders at baseline and after 18 months of treatment using the SCID-II.
Personality disorder diagnoses and symptoms demonstrated low-to-moderate stability (overall kappa = 0.41). In general, personality disorder diagnoses and symptoms significantly reduced over the 18 months of treatment. There was a trend for the patients who had a better response to treatment to lose more personality disorder symptoms, but even those who never recovered from their depression over the 18 months of treatment lost, on average, nearly three personality disorder symptoms.
Personality disorders are neither particularly stable nor treatment resistant. In depressed out-patients, personality disorder symptoms in general improve significantly even in patients whose response to their treatment for depressive symptoms is modest or poor.
Available from: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
World psychiatry: official journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) 06/2011; 10(2):115-6. DOI:10.1002/j.2051-5545.2011.tb00033.x · 14.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The association between mood disorders and personality disorders (PDs) is complicated clinically, conceptually, and neurobiologically. There is a need for recommendations to assist clinicians in treating these frequently encountered patients.
The literature was reviewed with the purpose of identifying clinically relevant themes. MedLine searches were supplemented with manual review of the references in relevant papers. From the extant evidence, consensus-based recommendations for clinical practice were developed.
Key issues were identified with regards to the overlap of PDs and mood disorders, including whether certain personality features predispose to mood disorders, whether PDs can reliably be recognized if there is an Axis I disorder present, whether personality disturbances arise as a consequence or are a forme fruste of mood disorders, and whether personality traits or disorders modify treatment responsiveness and outcome of mood disorders.
This paper describes consensus-based clinical recommendations that arise from a consideration of how signals from the literature can impact clinical practice in the treatment of patients with comorbid mood and personality pathology. Additional treatment studies of patients with the comorbid conditions are required to further inform clinical practice.
Annals of Clinical Psychiatry 02/2012; 24(1):56-68. · 2.36 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Minor Melancholia Mood Checklist (MMCL-32) was developed to identify sub-threshold states of major depression. The MMCL-32 can be considered as the counterpole to the Hypomanic Check List (HCL-32).
Principal component analysis (PCA) without rotation was used to identify a bidirectorial principal component. To evaluate the clinical validity of the bidirectorial factors, with reference to brief recurrent depression, the Bech-Rafaelsen Melancholia Scale was used.
We included 59 patients with bipolar I disorder (SCID criteria) and 57 patients with unipolar depression (more than one major depressive episode without hypomanic or manic episodes). They were all outpatients, but had recently been discharged from inpatient treatment. The PCA identified two contrasting factors: 17 items with negative loadings (psychasthenic depression factor) and 15 items with positive loadings (cognitive depression factor). When PCA was applied exclusively to the bipolar patients, 5 items within the cognitive factor were identified. When applied exclusively to the unipolar patients, 5 items within the psychasthenic factor were identified. The non-remitted bipolar patients scored higher on the cognitive factor (P=0.01) than the remitted. On the psychasthenic factor (P=0.06), the non-remitted unipolar patients scored higher than the remitted patients.
The MMCL-32 was found psychometrically valid in measuring sub-threshold states of major depression with rather specific factors for bipolar and unipolar depression. Focusing on these factors could be a clinical aid to distinguish patients at risk of developing a bipolar course.
Journal of Affective Disorders 03/2012; 137(1-3):79-86. DOI:10.1016/j.jad.2011.12.017 · 3.38 Impact Factor
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