Oral care help to maintain nutritional status in frail older people.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of continuous oral care on the nutritional status of older people who require care using a 1-year randomized, controlled study. Fifty-three residents of a nursing home in Japan participated in this study. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups, an oral care intervention group and control group. The subjects in the oral care intervention group received professional oral care from a dentist three times a week over the course of 1 year. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), serum albumin, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were measured as objective indicators of nutritional status at baseline and after 1 year, and compared between the groups. In the oral care group, no significant decline was seen in all indicators from the start to the end of the intervention, but in the control group there was a statistically significant decline in all indicators at the end of the year. These results suggest that the intervention of oral care alone can serve to maintain the nutritional status of older people who require care. Implementation of continuous oral care is an important task from the viewpoint of maintaining nutritional status in older people.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an oral health care education program for care providers on the nutritional status of the elderly in a long-term care facility. This study was conducted at a long-term care facility located in K metropolitan city using a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. Fifty-four nursing home residents aged 65 years or older were assigned either to the intervention group (n=27) or the control group (n=24). The intervention group received oral health care from the care providers' intervention group, who provided oral health care for 6 weeks after 6 weeks of oral health care education. Data were collected from the control group and intervention group at the baseline 6 and 12 weeks after oral care education and were analyzed using SPSS windows 16.0. The halitosis was lower in the intervention group than the control group at 12 weeks (PJournal of the Korean Dietetic Association. 01/2011; 17(3).
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ABSTRACT: To assess the impact of a nutrition and oral care training program on nursing home (NH) policies and residents. Cross-sectional surveys before/after intervention. One hundred thirty-eight NHs participated in the initial training. Training sessions for staff, director, and medical practitioners for nutritional and oral care in NH. Two waves of self-assessments over a 6- to 8-month interval described NH policies (Institution questionnaire), quality of care in newly admitted residents (Admission questionnaire), and in those present for more than 6 months (Stay questionnaire). Questionnaires were completed at both waves in 24 NHs (17.8%) for Institution, in 42 NHs including 646 residents for Admission, and in 34 NHs including 287 residents for Stay. There was no significant difference in bed capacity and resident dependency between NHs, which performed both assessments, and nonresponders. No change was observed for Institution. Malnutrition screening was carried out in almost all residents. Two risk factors were better screened after training: pressure ulcers (39.4% to 49.1%, P = .014) and dysphagia (33.5% to 41.0%, P = .049). Oral examination improved quantitatively (38.5% of residents to 48.5%) and qualitatively: risk factors for malnutrition and dysphagia were better sought (loss of posterior teeth (P < .0001), asialia (P < .0001), and candidosis (P = .002)). Similar improvements were seen in Stay assessments. Actions to counteract weight loss or low dietary intake records were not found in one third of resident records. Training program improved staff knowledge with positive results at the level of residents but no significant changes were seen within NH policies.Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 01/2014; · 5.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge of oral health and training needs of health workers in geriatric nursing homes. Providing daily oral care to dependent elderly people is the best way to prevent oral disorders. Because there are no dental hygienists in France, health workers play an important role in providing oral care in nursing homes and should have correct and adequate knowledge. Health workers from 8 geriatric nursing homes in Puy de Dôme (France) completed a 58-item questionnaire. Oral health knowledge regarding dental decay, periodontal diseases, oral hygiene and denture care was assessed. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed. A total of 99 health workers took part in the study. The total mean score was significantly different if health workers had received training in oral disorders (49.3 ± 11.7 vs. 43.9 ± 10; p < 0.05) or in the maintenance of oral health (50.5 ± 10.5 vs. 42.9 ± 10; p < 0.01). The mean scores obtained in the 'dental decay' subsection and in the 'oral and denture hygiene' subsection were the lowest. Geriatric nursing home staff need training in understanding the impact of oral health on general health. Theoretical knowledge of oral diseases has to be improved in order for health workers to understand oral hygiene procedures and to help them identify early oral disorders.Gerodontology 12/2013; · 0.81 Impact Factor