Effectiveness of Two-Year Clopidogrel plus Aspirin in Abolishing the Risk of Very Late Thrombosis After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation (from the TYCOON [Two-Year ClOpidOgrel Need] Study)
ABSTRACT It remains unclear whether dual antiplatelet therapy >12 months might carry a better prognosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs). To address the hypothesis that in the real world the risk of very late thrombosis after PCI with DESs can be decreased by an extended use of clopidogrel, we set up the Two-Year ClOpidOgrel Need (TYCOON) registry and prospectively investigated the impact on very late thrombosis of 12- versus 24-month dual antiplatelet regimens in an unselected population. The registry enrolled 897 consecutive patients who underwent PCI with stenting from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2004, and had dual antiplatelet therapy. All patients had a 4-year clinical follow-up. In the 447 patients with DES implantation, the dual antiplatelet regimen after PCI was given for 12 months in the 173 patients treated in 2003 (12-month group) and for 24 months in the 274 patients treated in 2004 (24-month group). Comparison between groups did not reveal any significant difference in baseline clinical characteristics, angiographic and procedural features, and major adverse cardiac events. During follow-up, there were 5 cases of stent thrombosis after PCI in the 12-month DES group and 1 case in the 24-month DES group (p = 0.02). Specifically, there were 2 cases of subacute thrombosis (1 in each group), no case of late thrombosis, and 4 cases of very late thrombosis occurring at 13, 15, 17, and 23 months after DES implantation in the 12-month group only. In conclusion, a 2-year dual antiplatelet regimen with aspirin and clopidogrel can prevent the occurrence of very late stent thrombosis after PCI with DESs.
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In-stent thrombosis after cessation of antiplatelet medications in patients with drug-eluting stents (DES) is a significant problem in medical practice, particularly in the perioperative period. We report a case of an 87-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, coronary artery disease and chronic atrophic gastritis. Very late thrombosis of a sirolimus-eluting stent occurred 1207 days after implantation, seven months after discontinuation of clopidogrel, and the interruption of aspirin 13 days in preparation of an elective endoscopic gastrointestinal procedure presented with acute myocardial infarction. The patient was treated with thrombectomy and successfully revascularized with superimposition of two sirolimus-eluting stents. Medications administered in the catheterization laboratory included low molecular weight heparin and nitroglycerin. Flow was defined as grade 2 according to the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction scale. Electrocardiogram after the procedure revealed persistent, but decreased, ST-segment elevation in the anterolateral leads. The patient recovered and was discharged on aspirin and clopidogrel indefinitely. There was no cardiac event during the two year follow-up period. This case underlines the importance of maintaining the balance of thrombosis and bleeding during perioperation of non-cardiac procedure and the possible need for continuation of aspirin therapy during periendoscopic procedures among patients with low bleeding risks who received DES.Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 09/2014; 11(3):274-7. DOI:10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2014.03.006 · 1.06 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: As compared with bare-metal stents, drug-eluting stents (DESs) reduce restenosis in every clinical situation and every type of lesion studied. Therefore, DESs have been in widespread use for more than a decade and are used in the majority of patients receiving intracoronary stents. However, several studies have suggested that early discontinuation of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; the combination of aspirin and an inhibitor of platelet P2Y12) is associated with a greater risk for 'late' stent thrombosis in patients with DESs. Because of the relative risk and benefit associated with DESs and the use of DAPT, perhaps the most common question for the treating physicians and patients are with regard to the appropriate duration of DAPT for patients treated with DES implantation. Several observational studies have shown inconsistent findings with respect to the optimal duration of DAPT after DES implantation. Subsequent randomized clinical trials have indicated that courses of clopidogrel exceeding 12 months do not contribute favorably to patient outcomes and may in fact be detrimental. No sound evidence is available to support prolongation of DAPT beyond 12 months. On the basis of recent clinical studies, a shorter course of DAPT than recommended by the guidelines (at least 12 months in the ACCF/AHA/SCAI guideline and 6-12 months in the European Society of Cardiology guidelines) may be considered, especially with second-generation or newer-generation DESs being associated with a significant reduction in stent thrombosis compared with first-generation DES. However, as these trials also had insufficient statistical power to allow for a firm decision with regard to the optimal DAPT duration after DES implantation, the results of larger ongoing clinical trials are necessary to resolve this issue before changing the practice. This article systematically reviews the cumulative evidence from key clinical studies and tries to help guide the physician in making informed decisions on the optimal duration of DAPT for patients who are undergoing DES implantation.Coronary artery disease 01/2014; 25(1):83-9. DOI:10.1097/MCA.0000000000000066 · 1.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Use of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT; the combination of aspirin and an inhibitor of platelet P2Y12) is the key pharmacological component in the management of acute coronary syndrome and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent implantation, but the optimal treatment duration is still unclear. Although current guidelines recommend prescription of DAPT for at least 12 months after implantation of drug-eluting stents (DES) if patients are not at high risk of bleeding, several studies showed conflicting results. Observational studies have shown inconsistent findings (i.e., some studies suggested longer duration would be better, and others vice versa) and small-to-moderate sized randomized clinical trials suggested that prolonged use of DAPT beyond 12 months would not be more beneficial and could be detrimental in safety outcomes. However, these studies suffer from insufficient statistical power, data from old version of DES, and non-uniform duration of DAPT. Given there might be the relative risk and benefit associated with combination of DES use and DAPT prescription, the optimal decision making with regard to DAPT duration would be essential for patients who underwent PCI with DES. Thus, by understanding and comparing the evidences of recent studies that support for shorter and longer duration of DAPT, we sought to guide the treating physician in deciding optimal duration of DAPT in such patients. Up to now, there is no strong evidence supporting that longer duration of DAPT is better than shorter duration of DAPT in terms of efficacy and safety outcomes after DES placement.11/2014; 3(1-2). DOI:10.1007/s40119-014-0030-y