Dimerization of CPAP orchestrates centrosome cohesion plasticity.
ABSTRACT Centrosome cohesion and segregation are accurately regulated to prevent an aberrant separation of duplicated centrosomes and to ensure the correct formation of bipolar spindles by a tight coupling with cell cycle machinery. CPAP is a centrosome protein with five coiled-coil domains and plays an important role in the control of brain size in autosomal recessive primary microcephaly. Previous studies showed that CPAP interacts with tubulin and controls centriole length. Here, we reported that CPAP forms a homodimer during interphase, and the fifth coiled-coil domain of CPAP is required for its dimerization. Moreover, this self-interaction is required for maintaining centrosome cohesion and preventing the centrosome from splitting before the G(2)/M phase. Our biochemical studies show that CPAP forms homodimers in vivo. In addition, both monomeric and dimeric CPAP are required for accurate cell division, suggesting that the temporal dynamics of CPAP homodimerization is tightly regulated during the cell cycle. Significantly, our results provide evidence that CPAP is phosphorylated during mitosis, and this phosphorylation releases its intermolecular interaction. Taken together, these results suggest that cell cycle-regulated phosphorylation orchestrates the dynamics of CPAP molecular interaction and centrosome splitting to ensure genomic stability in cell division.
Article: Improving mass accuracy of high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry of intact antibodies.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The glycosylation profile of intact antibody due to the galactose and fucose heterogeneity in the N-linked sugars was determined with instrument resolution of 5000 and 10,000. After deconvolution of electrospray ionization mass spectra to complete convergence, several extra peaks appeared in addition to the peaks observed in the original mass spectra. The artificial peaks were avoided if deconvolution was stopped after a smaller number of iterations. A standard antibody was used as an external calibrant to minimize mass measurement errors during long-period experiments. Precision of four consecutive LC/MS measurements of the same antibody was 10 ppm (+/-1.5 Da). By using this approach, the masses of 11 intact antibodies were measured. All antibodies containing N-terminal glutamines had a negative mass shift due to the formation of pyroglutamate (-17 Da). Although the pyroglutamate variant of intact antibody was not resolved from the unmodified variant, this modification led to a mass shift proportional to the percentage of N-terminal pyroglutamate. By accurately measuring the mass shift we were able to quantify the abundance of pyroglutamic acid on intact antibodies. Mass accuracy in measuring different antibodies was below 30 ppm (+/-4 Da). The accurate mass measurement can be an effective tool for monitoring chemical degradations in therapeutic antibodies.Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 07/2006; 17(6):867-72. · 4.00 Impact Factor