Reactive nitrogen species mediate DNA damage in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric mucosa.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Division of Clinical Medicine and Biochemical Sciences, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie, Japan.
Helicobacter (Impact Factor: 2.99). 12/2009; 14(6):552-8. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00719.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) can play an important role in cellular injury and carcinogenesis of gastric epithelial cells infected with Helicobacter pylori. 8-OH-deoxy guanosine (8-OHdG) and 8-nitroguanine (8-NG) are markers for ROS- and RNS-mediated DNA oxidation, respectively. In this study, RNS-mediated DNA damage in gastric mucosa was observed directly using a newly developed antibody to 8-NG to clarify how H. pylori infection causes nitrative DNA damage to gastric epithelial cells.
Immunohistochemistry with anti-8-OHdG and anti-8-NG antibodies was performed on gastric tissue samples from 45 patients (25 men and 20 women) with H. pylori-positive gastritis and 19 patients (11 men and 8 women) exhibiting successful H. pylori eradication. Histologic factors for gastric mucosal inflammation were graded according to the guidelines of the Updated Sydney system.
In corpus mucosa, 8-OHdG and 8-NG production were significantly associated with the degree of glandular atrophy, infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells and intestinal metaplasia in the glandular epithelial cells. Successful H. pylori eradication resulted in a significant reduction of chronic inflammatory cell infiltration and neutrophilic activity. Mean 8-OHdG production was lower after H. pylori eradication in both corpus and antral mucosa (p = .022 and .049, respectively). However, the reduction in 8-NG exhibited was more pronounced than the reduction of 8-OhdG (p = .004 and .007, respectively).
Helicobacter pylori infection can induce inflammatory cells infiltration, which evokes DNA damage of gastric epithelial cells through ROS and RNS production. 8-NG might be a more sensitive biomarker than 8-OHdG for H. pylori-induced DNA damage in gastric mucosa.

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