Robotic-assisted Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass: minimizing morbidity and mortality.
ABSTRACT Despite the rapid acceptance of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) by the community and increase in the number of these procedures being done, there is still significant morbidity and mortality.
At the University of Texas Medical School at Houston, we have performed 320 RYGB with robotic assistance (RARYGB). Surgical times, length of stay, morbidity, and mortality have been recorded since the beginning of our robotic experience and represent the world's largest single institution series of RARYGB. Outcome data were examined in a postoperative cohort.
The average starting BMI was 49.1 kg/m(2), and it declined by 66% to 32.5 kg/m(2) by the end of 1 year. The average operative time was 192 min, and the average length of stay was 2.7 days. Within the first year, there were a total of 77 (24.1%) complications. The foremost complications noted in the literature to be 3% to 11% were all <1% in our series, and we have no mortalities. Compared to our 356 laparoscopic RYGB, there was a significantly lower gastrointestinal leak rate in the robotic arm. A cohort of 79 postoperative patients was analyzed with respect to weight loss, resolution of co-morbidity, and quality of life. While there was no variation in quality of life over time, weight loss, resolution of co-morbidities, and overall outcome score were significantly improved.
We effectively perform robotic-assisted RYGB that lowers the morbidity and mortality of this procedure compared to today's standard while maintaining thriving outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has become the procedure of choice for the treatment of morbid obesity. Recently, several reports have shown the potential advantages of the robotic approach, notably by reducing complications. The aim of this study is to report our long-term experience with robotic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and to compare outcomes with the laparoscopic approach.Obesity surgery. 06/2014;
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ABSTRACT: The da Vinci Surgical System(®) has shown its possible indications in obesity surgery. This clinical study aims to elucidate the benefits, potentials, or problems of applying robotic technology for sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Data from 200 patients who underwent SG either performed by laparoscopy or robotic approach were assessed. A review of the data was analyzed with 1-year follow-up. There were 143 female patients. Mean age was 43.6 years. Mean BMI was 48.4 kg/m(2). Operative time was longer for the robotic SG group (p < 0.005). The overall leak rate was 3.5 %. Robotic SG is feasible and may be an initial procedure to undergo more complex procedures. Cost issues and operative times will need to be more clearly estimated in the future.Obesity Surgery 07/2013; · 3.10 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Revisional bariatric procedures (RBP) can be technically challenging. While robotics might provide help for complex procedures, the study aim was to report our experience with robotic RBP. From March 2000 to June 2013, 60 consecutive RBP (11 robotic, 21 laparoscopic, 28 open) have been prospectively entered into a dedicated database and reviewed retrospectively. Outcomes have been compared between the three approaches. The robotic group had fewer complications (0 vs. 14.3% for laparoscopy, vs. 10.7% for open; P > 0.05), but took longer than the other approaches (352 vs. 270 vs. 250 minutes respectively; P < 0.05). There were fewer conversions in the robotic group (0 vs. 14.3% for laparoscopy; P > 0.05), and a significantly shorter hospital stay (6 vs. 8 vs. 9 days, respectively). Robotic RBP is feasible and safe, but at the price of a longer operative time. The exact role of robotics remains yet to be defined for this indication in larger studies. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery 10/2013; · 1.49 Impact Factor