Discovery of novel benzoxazinones as potent and orally active long chain fatty acid elongase 6 inhibitors.
ABSTRACT A series of benzoxazinones was synthesized and evaluated as novel long chain fatty acid elongase 6 (ELOVL6) inhibitors. Exploration of the SAR of the UHTS lead 1a led to the identification of (S)-1y that possesses a unique chiral quarternary center and a pyrazole ring as critical pharmacophore elements. Compound (S)-1y showed potent and selective inhibitory activity toward human ELOVL6 while displaying potent inhibitory activity toward both mouse ELOVL3 and 6 enzymes. Compound (S)-1y showed acceptable pharmacokinetic profiles after oral dosing in mice. Furthermore, (S)-1y significantly suppressed the elongation of target fatty acids in mouse liver at 30 mg/kg oral dosing.