Hepatocellular carcinoma infiltrated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: report of a case.
ABSTRACT A 70-year-old woman diagnosed to have a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was referred to our hospital because of a solitary liver tumor. because of a solitary liver tumor. She underwent a partial hepatectomy, and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). diagnosed as a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In addition, a focal follicle consisting of atypical lymphoid cells was seen within the HCC. cells was seen within the HCC. Two months later, she was readmitted because of weakness and rapidly developing abdominal fullness. developing abdominal fullness. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed widespread tumors with ascites. with ascites. A cytological examination of the ascites showed large-sized atypical lymphoid cells. showed large-sized atypical lymphoid cells. An immunohistochemical stain confirmed that the atypical lymphoid cells within the HCC were positive for the CD 20 antigen. antigen. Taking these findings into account, the hepatic tumor was determined to be a HCC infiltrated with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The coexistence of HCC and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is extremely rare. and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is extremely rare. We herein report a case of HCC infiltrated with NHL. We herein report a case of HCC infiltrated with NHL.
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ABSTRACT: Xenografting primary human solid tumor tissue into immunodeficient mice is a widely used tool in studies of human cancer biology; however, care must be taken to prove that the tumors obtained recapitulate parent tissue. We xenografted primary human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor fragments or bulk tumor cell suspensions into immunodeficient mice. We unexpectedly observed that 11 of 21 xenografts generated from 16 independent patient samples resembled lymphoid neoplasms rather than HCC. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry analyses revealed that the lymphoid neoplasms were comprised of cells expressing human CD45 and CD19/20, consistent with human B lymphocytes. In situ hybridization was strongly positive for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded RNA. Genomic analysis revealed unique monoclonal or oligoclonal immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangements in each B-cell neoplasm. These data demonstrate that the lymphoid neoplasms were EBV-associated human B-cell lymphomas. Analogous to EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders in immunocompromised humans, the human lymphomas in these HCC xenografts likely developed from reactivation of latent EBV in intratumoral passenger B lymphocytes following their xenotransplantation into immunodeficient recipient mice. Given the high prevalence of latent EBV infection in humans and the universal presence of B lymphocytes in solid tumors, this potentially confounding process represents an important pitfall of human solid tumor xenografting. This phenomenon can be recognized and avoided by routine phenotyping of primary tumors and xenografts with human leukocyte markers, and provides a compelling biological rationale for exclusion of these cells from human solid tumor xenotransplantation assays.PLoS ONE 06/2012; 7(6):e39294. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of repeat hepatectomies for hepatic malignant lymphoma and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A 75-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C underwent partial hepatectomy for a 25 mm hepatic tumor in S5. The histological diagnosis was diffuse large B-cell malignant lymphoma and as postoperative (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography showed no hot spots, the mass was presumed to be primary hepatic lymphoma. Thus, adjuvant systemic chemotherapy was given following the hepatectomy. Abdominal ultrasonography, done 12 months after the hepatectomy, showed a hepatic tumor in S6 and repeat partial hepatectomy was performed. This tumor was histologically diagnosed as HCC.Surgery Today 02/2013; · 1.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The simultaneous occurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and gastric carcinoma is rare. The present case report describes a 61-year-old man with DLBCL at the ileocaecal junction with several metastatic lymph nodes and concurrent gastric intramucosal adenocarcinoma. Both tumours, together with the enlarged lymph nodes, were successfully removed by surgery. At 1 month postoperatively, the patient received chemotherapy consisting of rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vindesine, epirubicin hydrochloride and dexamethasone; he responded well to treatment. Reports published in the literature between January 2006 and March 2011 of other cases of DLBCL combined with concurrent non-haematological malignancies in immunocompetent patients were reviewed. The identification of common factors is important for clarification of the mechanisms of lymphomagenesis and carcinogenesis, as well as the creation of preventive and therapeutic strategies. Such cases highlight the need routinely to perform preoperative imaging studies to exclude other synchronous tumours and, if possible, to biopsy any such masses in order to offer timely and appropriate therapy.The Journal of international medical research 10/2011; 39(5):2051-8. · 1.10 Impact Factor