Heterogeneity of adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay in colorectal cancer--secondary publication.

Department of Surgery, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital and Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Yonsei medical journal (Impact Factor: 0.77). 10/2009; 50(5):697-703. DOI: 10.3349/ymj.2009.50.5.697
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Adenosine triphosphate-based chemotherapy response assay (ATP-CRA) is a well-documented and validated technology that can individualize chemotherapy for patients with lung, stomach, or breast cancer. This study explored the feasibility of ATP-CRA as a chemosensitivity test in patients with colorectal cancer.
A total of 118 patients who underwent surgical resection for colorectal adenocarcinoma were analyzed for chemosensitivity to 6 anticancer drugs using ATP-CRA. We calculated the cell death rate (CDR) by measuring intracellular ATP levels of drug-exposed cells and untreated controls.
Interpretable results were available for 85.5% (118/138) of patients. The mean coefficient of variation for triplicate ATP measurements was 9.2%. The highest CDR was observed in irinotecan (34.0%) and the lowest CDR in etoposide (21.0%). Paclitaxel had the broadest range of CDR (0-86.7%) and 5-FU had the narrowest range of CDR (0-56.8%). The overall highest responsiveness was seen most prevalently in irinotecan (24.7%, 23/93 patients). Irinotecan had the greatest responsiveness in patients with well differentiated and moderately differentiated carcinoma.
Our study suggests that ATP-CRA could be used to identify patients with colorectal cancer who might benefit from treatment with a specific chemotherapeutic agent.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purinergic signalling plays major roles in the physiology and pathophysiology of digestive organs. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), together with nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal peptide, is a cotransmitter in non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic inhibitory neuromuscular transmission. P2X and P2Y receptors are widely expressed in myenteric and submucous enteric plexuses and participate in sympathetic transmission and neuromodulation involved in enteric reflex activities, as well as influencing gastric and intestinal epithelial secretion and vascular activities. Involvement of purinergic signalling has been identified in a variety of diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, ischaemia, diabetes and cancer. Purinergic mechanosensory transduction forms the basis of enteric nociception, where ATP released from mucosal epithelial cells by distension activates nociceptive subepithelial primary afferent sensory fibres expressing P2X3 receptors to send messages to the pain centres in the central nervous system via interneurons in the spinal cord. Purinergic signalling is also involved in salivary gland and bile duct secretion.
    Purinergic Signalling 12/2013; · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Receptors for extracellular nucleotides are widely expressed by mammalian cells. They mediate a large array of responses ranging from growth stimulation to apoptosis, from chemotaxis to cell differentiation and from nociception to cytokine release, as well as neurotransmission. Pharma industry is involved in the development and clinical testing of drugs selectively targeting the different P1 nucleoside and P2 nucleotide receptor subtypes. As described in detail in the present review, P2 receptors are expressed by all tumours, in some cases to a very high level. Activation or inhibition of selected P2 receptor subtypes brings about cancer cell death or growth inhibition. The field has been largely neglected by current research in oncology, yet the evidence presented in this review, most of which is based on in vitro studies, although with a limited amount from in vivo experiments and human studies, warrants further efforts to explore the therapeutic potential of purinoceptor targeting in cancer.
    Purinergic Signalling 06/2013; · 2.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to suggest a probable problem in chemosensitivity tests performed in practice and to speculate on practicable measures for more accurate chemosensitivity evaluation. Three colorectal cancer cells (RSC, RRC1, and RRC2) were treated with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). Inhibition percentage (%inhibition) of cancer cells and relative quantitation of thymidylate synthase (TS) mRNA were measured on day 2, day 5 after replacement of 70% media on day 2, day 7, and day 3 after replacement of all media on day 7. Doses that produced 50% inhibition (Dm) were calculated to evaluate drug effect. Relative quantitation of TS mRNA and correlations between TS mRNA levels and 5-FU concentrations were analyzed. RRC1 was more resistant than RRC2 on day 7, but Dm value of RRC2 increased three days after replacement of media from 12.3 to 18.1. Mean TS mRNA levels of RSC on D2 and D7 were significantly lower than those of RRC1 and RRC2, respectively (P = 0.004, P = 0.004 on D2; P = 0.010, P = 0.006 on D7). TS mRNA levels in RRC1 were significantly reversely correlated with 5-FU concentrations on day 2 (correlation coefficient = -0.867, P = 0.015). On the other hand, correlations were not significant in RRC2 (r = 0.067). Evaluating %inhibition of cancer cells at one point in chemosensitivity tests seems to be inadequate in determining chemotherapeutic regimens. Multilateral approaches, such as trials evaluating cancer cell survival before and after media replacement and correlations between TS mRNA levels and 5-FU concentrations, needs to be implemented for the practical application of chemosensitivity tests.
    Journal of the Korean Surgical Society. 01/2012; 82(1):28-34.


Available from